The Development Of The Atomic Bomb And Its Impact On Wwii

1597 words - 6 pages

In September of 1939 World War Two began in Europe with the invasion of Poland by Germany. Soon after Japan began to attempt to expand its borders with the invasion of Manchuria. Germany and Japan, along with Italy formed the central axis powers. Through misnegotiation and appeasement Adolf Hitler was allowed to gain more and more power until all out war was triggered. The United States Government's development of the atomic bomb was an important factor in bringing an end to World War Two. The development of the atomic bomb began in Rome in 1934 when the first atom was split, by August 6, 1945 the world had entered the nuclear age when the first atomic bomb was detonated in war over the Japanese city of Hiroshima. The United States path to the development of the nuclear bomb was referred to by president Truman as 'the greatest achievement of organized science in history'.(p.7 The History of the Atomic Bomb) The atomic bomb program led an interesting path from its roots in theoretical physics through its development to the decision to use the bomb against Japan to end the war.In 1939 two German physicists, Otto Hahn and Fritz Strassmann, succeeded in splitting the nucleus of a uranium atom through neutron bombardment which resulted in an immense energy release for the amount of matter involved. Since the first atom had been split in Rome in 1934 scientists around the world began experimenting with neutron bombardment to split atoms. Due to the war in Europe many of the prominent nuclear physicists of the day fled to the United States and Great Britain. Enrico Fermi, Albert Einstein, Niels Bohr, Edward Teller, Leo Szilard, Rudolph Peierls, and Klaus Fuchs all sought refuge in the United States and Great Britain. Around 1935 fear was growing in the scientific community that Germany, long a leader in nuclear physics, may develop the atomic bomb thus changing the course of the war. 'As news of German progress in nuclear fission continued to filter in, Szilard also realized the importance of warning the United States Government that Hitler might be working on a bomb.'(p.34 The History of the Atomic Bomb) Eventually a letter was sent to president Roosevelt from a group of scientists including Einstein and Fermi expressing their anxiety over the possibility of Germany developing the atomic bomb. The letter was delivered to Roosevelt by Alexander Sachs, even though the meeting seemed successful, action was delayed for almost two years in which the Germans could have taken a lead in atomic research. In 1940 the government made its first grant of six thousand dollars to Columbia University for atomic research. In the ensuing years Fermi, Bohr, and John Wheeler spent their time trying to create a nuclear chain reaction. In June of 1940 the National Defense Research Committee was established to form a link between the National Academy of Sciences and the military. It soon became clear that there were possible military uses of uranium fission and 'by the fall...

Find Another Essay On The Development of the Atomic Bomb and its Impact on WWII

Impact of the Atomic Bomb on the World from 1945 to present.

1704 words - 7 pages drop the bomb over Hiroshima, causing tremendous damage and deaths to people in thousands. This had a drastic impact on the war itself, as soon after the second bomb was dropped on Nagasaki, Japan surrounded bring the war to its end. The drop of the bomb had demonstrated that the world had reached a new breaking point when it came to the development of machinery that could impact the world in ways that was never imagined or thought of. Even

Mongolia and its Stand on The Atomic Bomb, Disarment and Outer Space

695 words - 3 pages Mongolia NWFZ, Mongolia has a better chance to transform its territory on a front war if Russia and China had to go war. III. Prevention of an Arms Race in Outer Space The Non Aligned Movement is concerned with the militarization of the space. It solely supports the idea of exploring the space for peaceful purpose and not for military experiments. An arm race in the space can have a serious impact on the global security and such notion of


8728 words - 35 pages effects of certain motivating elements on workers' productivity.(c) To determine factors affecting job satisfaction in the industry.1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY.The study is delimited to Staff training and development on its impact on the attainment of organisational objectives using nestle Nigeria plc as the case study.1.7 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY.In the course of this study, there were lots of constraints which will never be forgotten. Though they were

Discuss the historical development of one ethnic group in Malaysia and the impact on its current identity, political position and its perception of other ethnicities in Malaysia

2477 words - 10 pages SUBJECT CODE: COMM 212 SUBJECT NAME: Intercultural Communication FAMILY NAME: Tan FIRST NAME: Isaac IC NO.: 91006-07-5457 CONTACT NO.: 016-4703147 ASSIGNMENT TITLE : Discuss the historical development of one ethnic group in Malaysia and the impact on its current identity, political position and its perception of other ethnicities in Malaysia LECTURER'S NAME: Mr SY Chan SUBMITTED WORD COUNT: 1628 DATE RECEIVED: 30/8/2013 DUE

Corruption and its Impact on Economic Growth and Development

10433 words - 42 pages value):The size of an economy has a lot of impact on the way development proceeds. Generally the relationship Between the size of an economy and the GNP growth rate follows a diminishing trends. (refer to graph below ).As the economy grows in size its growth rate falls by virtue of the fact that most of its resources have been exploited and it is nearing the peak of its development process. We have used GNP per capita ( in absolute term) to denote

the use of Atomic Bomb on Japan

1122 words - 4 pages 1939, the Nazis were rumored to be developing an atomic bomb. The United States initiated its own program under the Army Corps of Engineers in June 1942. America needed to build an atomic weapon before Germany or Japan did.Hence Roosevelt put together a group of scientists to work on nuclear technology in Los Alamos, New Mexico ? code named: The Manhattan Project.In 1945, though Germans were defeated, Japanese were still fighting on their

Socialisation and its impact on children’s learning and development - EDU20003 - Essay

3120 words - 13 pages In this essay, there will be a definition and a range of aspects of socialisation, what the aims are and why socialisation is important. A description of how five key agents of socialisation impact on child's development and examples of three methods based on theoretical understanding that supports socialisation. ?There also will be an explanation of the potential outcomes how socialisation impacts or supports the child development and their

Necessity of the Atomic Bomb

1232 words - 5 pages gave the United States a powerful new military advantage.” This powerful nuclear weapon made the United States superior to all as it could possibly bomb any country or destroy anything that came in its way. This monopoly and diplomacy on the part of the US led to the ultimate surrender of Japan in World War II, as they were afraid of losing even more of their people. According to Gregg Herken, author of The Winning Weapon: The Atomic Bomb in the

Dropping of the Atomic Bomb

2208 words - 9 pages On August 6, 1945, the Enola Gay, a United States B29 bomber, dropped the world's first atomic bomb. The bomb, made by enriching Uranium and nicknamed "Little Boy," destroyed a Japanese city and introduced the concept of nuclear war to the world (Farris 7; "Decision to Drop" 1). Although the dropping of the atomic bomb by the United States was necessary to end the war as soon as possible, there were also many repercussions that resulted. The

Effects of the Atomic Bomb

882 words - 4 pages debt with America the cost of the nuclear arms race was massive so big that it cannot be calculated also when the atom bomb was created USSR tried to compete with America but could not afford the cost of nuclear weapons. This was one reason for the collapse of communism in the USSR in the 1990s. The atomic bomb had an impact on military warfare. Within 3 weeks of the dropping of the bomb WW2 ended Japan signed a surrender

Morals of the Atomic Bomb

1616 words - 7 pages On August 6th 1945 the first atomic bomb as dropped in an attempt to end the war efforts in the pacific. This year will mark the 69th anniversary of the dropping of the bomb, and even after all this time there is still much debate over if dropping the bomb was the right thing to do or not. One of the main reasons I have seen arguing for the dropping of the bomb was that it saved American lives, and that it saved more people than it killed

Similar Essays

Pros And Cons Of The Atomic Bomb In Wwii

1007 words - 4 pages that they were suicidal, with their kamikaze pilots and no real hope of defeating the allied nations. America has always, and most likely will always place a high value on American lives. In order to protect these lives and to insure that the world is safe for democracy, American leaders had to make a very tough decision, whether or not to drop the atomic bomb on Japan. This act would essentially be trading Japanese lives for American lives

The Social Impact Of The Atomic Bomb

1445 words - 6 pages covered in great details. The environmental impact of the atomic bomb on the other hand does not have a lot of attention paid to. Without a doubt, the environmental impact of the atomic bomb is very large and significant. One of the biggest and longest lasting environmental impacts of the detonation of the atomic bomb is the radiation contaminations that are left over. These contaminations spread into water, air, animals, soil and into the

Enrico Fermi And The Development Of The Atomic Bomb

1289 words - 5 pages release nuclear energy had long term beneficial results -- the development of an essentially unlimited new source of energy and forestalling, maybe permanently, of world-scale war. Fermi received a special award of $25,000 for his work on the atomic bomb from the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission in 1954. Later that year, Fermi prematurely died of stomach cancer. Of the many important discoveries that occurred during

The Manhattan Project, The Development Of The Atomic Bomb

1192 words - 5 pages Whenever there is a new invention which could strengthen a country, but it is critical to keep it a secret, the government usually takes over. Sometimes, the information is brought to the government first. This was the case with the development of the atomic bomb. The promise and threat of the power of an atomic device were presented to President Roosevelt in a letter signed by Albert Einstein, and its importance was acknowledged by Roosevelt