The Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders

1152 words - 5 pages

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) has a number of features. First of all, every disorder is identified using a name and a numerical code. In addition, the manual provides the criteria for diagnosing each disorder as well as establishes subtypes of a disorder and examples that would illustrate the disorder. The manual goes further by addressing the typical age of onset, culturally related information, gender-related information, prevalence of a disorder, typical clinical course of a disorder, typical predisposing factors of a disorder and genetic family patterns of a disease (Summers, 2009). The DSM-IV is a tool that is used by mental health practitioners and social service workers. As has been demonstrated prior, the manual provides many types of diagnoses, but there has been concern that the diagnoses are biased. Several types of bias, including gender, culture and ethnic bias, have been associated with how disorders are assessed.
Gender biases might have inherently been incorporated into the DSM because the creation of the DSM has been consistently and predominately handled by white males. The development of the DSM includes defining healthy and unhealthy behaviors (Zur and Nordmarken, 2010). Several factors have been pinpointed as specific gender biases, including “…attributes traditionally classified as feminine, such as the tendency to value emotional attachment and interdependence and the tendency to be cautious in expressing disagreement with others, have been codified as personality or other disorders” (Zur and Nordmarken, 2010). The creation and diagnosis of Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) is viewed as gender bias because there is no equivalent diagnosis pertaining to testosterone deficiency in males nor are there gender-neutral categories for hormonal imbalances (Zur and Nordmarken, 2010).
Personality disorders have a sex prevalence rate and there has been some suggestion that those rates reflect gender bias. The bias concerns derived from the “conceptualization of personality disorders, the wording of diagnostic criteria, the application of diagnostic criteria, thresholds for diagnosis, clinical presentation, researching sampling, the self-awareness and openness of patients and the items included within self-report inventories” (Butcher, 2009, p. 356). Studies have failed to prove that there is significant gender bias in the DSM. However, research has showed there is gender bias within clinical judgments. For example, gender related items would be included within self-report inventories (Butcher, 2009). Clinicians tend to judge female patients as being mentally ill more readily than male patients, even when the symptoms are the same. Moreover, women are more likely to be cast as overly emotional, have a need for mood-altering medication and require ongoing monitoring/treatment (Zur and Nordmarken, 2010).
Sexual orientation has also caused considerable bias. Homosexuality was...

Find Another Essay On The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders: A Controversial History

1304 words - 6 pages itself to suggest there is an underlying cause for the behaviour and in some cases the displaying of abnormal behaviour can be the signs of mental disorder. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders has been the go to manual for all mental health professionals for near as makes no difference 50 years as it has always been developed by the professionals, the American Psychiatric Association (APA) that Intend to use it. Its

Diagnostic and Stastical Manual for Mental Disorders

2257 words - 10 pages in the Diagnostic and Stastical Manual for Mental Disorders. Individuals that were dealing with severe Borderline Personality Disorder often experienced some sort of mental episode, several professionals in the field considered this a "borderline" versions of previously existing mental disorders. It is unfortunate that even though many professionals in the field have already come to agree that "borderline personality disorder" is no longer a

Clinical Utility of the FFM and DSM-IV in the Diagnostic and Treatment of Personality Disorders

1125 words - 5 pages ., & Widiger, T. A. 2006). According to First and colleagues the importance should be placed on clinical utility, because a valid diagnostic manual that is not used properly in the clinical practice is unlikely to reach its full potential. First and colleagues propose six factors of clinical usefulness that should be estimated in next revisions of the DSM: Conceptualization of the disorder, communicating information to other mental health

The Spectrum of the Societal Effects of Personality Disorders and Mental Illnesses

1311 words - 6 pages Personality disorders and mental illnesses are viewed by the general public as similar attributes that are equally harmful. However, when one delves into the diagnostics and patterns of the individual disorders and illnesses, it can be seen that there are major differences between each one. There are many levels of severity of the effects each disorder or illness has on society as a whole. They range from affecting only the individual

The Trifecta: Homelessness, Mental Health, and Substance Use Disorders

1309 words - 6 pages can predict the likelihood of becoming homeless. Homelessness can be contributed to a number of situations such as occupational stress, financial stress, mental health issues, substance use, gender, age, race, disabilities, incarceration, chronic illness, and family stress. Mental health disorders and substance use disorders are apparent within the population of individuals who are homeless. Mental health disorders and substance use disorders

The Narrow Schism between Disease and Beauty: Discovering the Mental Disorders and Intricacies of A Beautiful Mind

1911 words - 8 pages maturing into adulthood” (Myers 591). Higher documented levels of generalized anxiety disorders and anxiety-related mood disorders in the 21st century suggest that stress may play an important role in the causation of schizophrenia (“About Schizophrenia”). Likewise, “long-term social isolation and exclusion have been predicted to precipitate hallucinations similar to those associated with paranoid schizophrenia” (“What is Schizophrenia?”). Aside

Mental illness and Mental Disorders in Catcher in the Rye by J.D. Salinger

2615 words - 11 pages severity of his mental problems are catching up to him, but now his body is affected as well. Holden’s physical pain may be real, but they are partly being imagined through his psychosis. President Barack Obama has said, “Too many Americans who struggle with mental health illnesses are still suffering in silence, rather than seeking help”. While many mental disorders can easily be treated, they are extremely taxing on the victim and are

A Brief Analysis of Mental Disorders

1185 words - 5 pages about 1 suicide death in every 10, 000 people, and an estimate of 1 suicide death in every 11 attempts a person performs. Mental disorders are common around the world, but in the United States one quarter of adults are diagnosable for one or more disorders, and 1 in 17 suffer from an extremely debilitating mental illness. On the other hand, mental conditions are also common in the child population and the average in our country of those who

Approaches to Madness and Mental Disorders

1592 words - 6 pages disease as a result of modernity. Individuals were suffering from unusual discomforting disorders such as hypochondria, hysteria, muscular spasms and other stress ordered diseases.One of the more interesting characters that played a major part in this part of medicine was Phillippe Pinel (1745-1826). Pinel made major breakthroughs to the medical societies on his views and his approach to the treatment of mental illness. He was one of the first to

The Influence of Childhood Mental Disorders On the Quality of Public Education

1568 words - 7 pages way to educate children with mental disorders. It is homeschooling, which represents the teaching of a child by either parents or tutors for a long period of time. If it is a hired tutor who takes the role of a teacher, the long time that him and the child spend together allow the former to get to know the latter better, thus creating a more trusting relationship and decreasing the risk of misbehavior during class time due to uncomfortable

What are some of the most common Mental Disorders in Adolescence?

1050 words - 5 pages According to “” one out of five adolescence have a diagnosable mental disorder. I believe it is important to be aware of mental disorders. The more we know about disorders and the earlier people seek treatment the more successful the person is with recovery. My mother is a social worker, and tells me about a few of her cases. This has sparked my interest in mental health and disorders associated with mental health. There are many

Similar Essays

The Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders

1010 words - 4 pages The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders is the official manual used in diagnosing mental disorders. The DSM has changed considerably since it was first published in 1952. DSM-I listed a mere 66 disorders, compared to the 400 disorders listed in the current DSM-IV. DSM I and DSM II were influenced by the psychodynamic approach. The manuals suggested that all disorders were caused by environmental occurrences. The DSM-III dropped

The Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders (Dsm)

612 words - 2 pages The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) has come a long way since 1952. The first manual only had 66 disorders listed, compared to today's 400 disorders, which is a significant increase. The DSM is the manual/handbook used in diagnosing mental disorders. In the beginnings of the manual some scientific basis was credited to Kraepelin, who believed that psychiatric disorders were caused from biological and genetic factors

Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders By Allen Frances

1838 words - 8 pages The overall message and core argument this book offers is that the new version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, the DSM-5, will cause an enormous increase of people who are not mentally ill being diagnosed with a mental disorder and receiving unnecessary treatment for it. Allen Frances argues that assigning everyday problems to mental disorders causes massive disadvantages for individuals and society. Diagnosing a

The Diagnostic And Statistical Manual Of Mental Disorders Criteria For Substance Abuse

1499 words - 6 pages According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), substance abuse is characterized as, “a pattern of substance use leading to significant impairment or distress” (American Psychological Association [APA], 2013, para. 1). Table one of the DSM on Criteria for Substance Abuse and Dependency notes impairment or distress manifest in one or more of the following ways, in a 12 month period: “Failure to fulfill major role