The development of Early Childhood education and Care services in Australia is not that easy as we think. Started form the late 19C and early 20C there are lots of change, challenge, belief and arguments. When looking back on the historical stages and compare to the current stage there are lots better funding, resources, policy and practice to have quality early educations.
The early childhood services started in late 19C and early 20C. There are main two different Early Childhood services which are Early Childhood Education and Early Childhood Care. Both of them are providing the education and care for children 0-5 however they have different goals, aims and programs. (Elliott, Early Childhood Education: Pathways to quality and equity, 2006)
Historical and Traditional of Australia early childhood services divided in early childhood program and education program. In result of that policy, funding, resourcing and administrative were different. Under the Early Childhood Care services program there are few different services such as Long Day Care, family Day Care, Occasional Care, On- Farm Child Care, Multifunctional Children services, Multifunction Aboriginal Children services, Aboriginal Playgroups, Enrichment Program, Mobiles and toy libraries and In Home Care services. (Elliott, Early Childhood Education: Pathways to quality and equity, 2006)
Most of the Early Childhood Care program is mainly aim for the both working families. The main idea is supporting equality of ideology by women to participate in work force. In History women like to have the same right to get the chance to work as the man. Providing the Early Childhood Care service is allowing women for to get the workforce, also for women who enter the war in Second World War. (Elliott, Early Childhood Education: Pathways to quality and equity, 2006)
Early Childhood Care program services provide longer hours then the preschool or kindergarten. It is meaning that early childhood care services are providing care program for the young children who parent are at the work. Early Childhood Care also provides the program for children who which specially need include non-English specking background, disability and social disadvantage. (Sims, 1994)
Early Childhood Education program support the “motherhood ideology” which is women role of caring children at home. (Sims, 1994). Preschool (also call as Kindergarten in other stage) is running the same as school hours which is 9am to 3pm. It is mainly focusing on the pre learning for school readiness.
Preschool education is offered for only few hours a week and it usually for 4 years old. Logistically it is limited ability for working parent families who need are and education services for their children while their working hours. This is not really suitable for the both working families.
In Preschool the goal, purpose and program are different service type. Early Childhood education program develop the sessional preschool which is run for short...