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The Difference Between Juvenile And Criminal Justice Why Is Juvenile Justice Important?

1176 words - 5 pages

Criminal and Juvenile system can be complex for many people who do not understand how the system can work. Juvenile Justice would be concentered an important aspect to the American system. The system is in place to ensure or deter delinquencies from entering the adult structure. This paper examines the criminal justice system throughout history, juvenile versus criminal system, transition from juvenile to criminal justice, and the effectiveness of the justice system.
Criminal Justice has been around since the biblical times. The first documented murder was between Cain and Abel. Although back in the biblical times, it was not recognized as a structured criminal justice system. Major Gade ...view middle of the document...

History reveals, children were prosecuted for their crime and was imprisoned alongside adults. History also shows, some of the children as young as 7 years of age, stood trial in the adult courts. If found guilty, depending how heinous the crime, some children were sentenced to death. In 1825, the Society for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency was encouraging separation of juvenile and adult offenders. United States, was trying to adapt the idea from 16th-century European educational reform movements. These earlier reform movements realized, children were more than small adults, but people with less capability of developing moral and reasoning abilities. John Augustus, planted the “seed” of juvenile probation, in 1847. In the early nineteenth century, a change was reached and the idea of reforming children was formulated. Because of numerous abuse being reported, the states decided to take-over privately owned youth prisons. Afterward, thru the year of 1899 the courts established the first juvenile courts in Illinois. The doctrine included of parens patriae (the State as parent) was the rationale for the right of the State to intervene in the lives of children in a manner different from the way it intervenes in the lives of adults. In a nutshell, the doctrine meant, children that were not capable of making good or moral decisions of a young age, or have the legal aptitude, and were not cared or supervised by their natural parents appropriately, the State would inherent control and obligation of the children. Throughout the next five decades, juvenile courts had authority over delinquents the age of eighteen and under. These were children charged with disregarding criminal laws. In the future, the only time a delinquent could be transferred to a criminal court and tried as an adult was if the juvenile courts relinquished its jurisdiction over the child in specified cases.
In the 21th century rules and regulations have evolved into a new “structured” system. Times have changed from the nineteenth century to the twenty-first century; several laws have changed for juvenile delinquents, but some have stayed the same. Often, change is implemented and needed for grow with America’s consistently evolving justice systems. In order to address crimes that was not even conceivable just five to ten years ago, such as, stalking, cyber- bulling, and identity theft. As modern day America has transformed, so has technology. Cyber-bulling has become another way of hurting or touting other individuals. Although, the penalties or punishment may not be as profound as other crimes, these actions could lead to other destructive actions....

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