Leadership is the process of leading a group of people and influencing them to achieve the goals of an organization. Not all mangers could be leaders as leadership is one of the four functions of management (Robbins, Coulter, & Vohra, 2009). It is observed that all mangers should have some leadership qualities in them. Many definitions are provided for term leadership. Some researchers are of the view that there are as many definitions for leadership as there are persons who tried to define this concept. Peter Drucker, a management consultant defines leader as a person who has followers and that leader requires influence in order to gain followers. The leader gain influence of followers through flexible means of training and education as well as support and protection. The leader has such abilities that without destroying the uniqueness of person, he could achieve unity of common values and directions. Building credibility and trust are the foremost characteristics of leadership (Winston & Pattersom, 2006).
Difference between Leadership and Management
Leadership and management are considered as overlapping concepts because leadership is one of the dimensions of management. Many academic professionals, theorists and researchers are of the view that the difference between leadership and management is important and that both the terms should not be used interchangeably. Leaders set new goals and vision for a group of people that are following them, they are pioneer in setting new directions for their group. On the other hand managers control the people and give them directions to follow and these directions are already developed by the organization which they are managing (Myers, 1995).
Peter Drucker, a management consultant defines leaders as one who has followers and to gain the attention of followers, leaders require influence (Yukl, 1989). Leaders must have attributes like integrity, commitment, creative ability, trust and selfishness (Capowski, 1994). Management is defined as a process that is used to achieve the goals of an organization. Managers are those who are assigned with the management tasks. A well-balanced organization must have both, leaders and managers. A fine combination of both would succeed organization as both works for the betterment of organization in an effective way (Kotterman, 2006).
In organization, managers are given the tasks to lead the group of people, but it is not sure whether managers are able to lead them properly or not. Leadership qualities are not present in all managers; hence, such qualities differentiate managers and leaders. For the maintenance and working of a workplace smoothly, organizations need effective mangers having management skills and abilities. However true leaders are also required to influence people and to persuade organization. Kotter differentiates between the tasks of managers and leaders. In his view, leaders have the responsibilities to develop vision for the organization...