Most people use the dimensions leadership and management synonymously on the basis that they both hold some degree of authority. Likewise, I had never thought of where Unilever would be today if it was managed by Nelson Mandela. I pondered on why this Pan-African worth more of a leader than a manager when I read Peter Drucker’s quote; “Management is doing things right; leadership is doing right things.” Using Peter’s thoughts, I would like to demonstrate that although there are similarities between management and leadership, there two terms are distinctive by applying leadership concepts such as pleasing the masses, everyday leadership and understanding yourself.
Peter’s definition implies that management follows leadership. Doing the right things means that a leader has to make realistic decisions using appropriate techniques. Doing things right means undertaking what has been set by someone for example organization. Leadership refers to “influence relationship among leaders and followers who intend real changes that reflect their shared purposes.” (Crow, McCleary & Matthews, 2013). Management is “attainment of organisational goals in an effective and efficient manner through planning, organising and controlling resources.” (Daft & Marcic, 2011).
I grew up in Buhera community where traditionally girls were engaged in forced marriages soon after their Junior High School (JHS). Surprisingly in 2006, Dr Nathalie Kahle found the Girls Empowerment Movement (GEM) which was against the tradition.
Evaluation of one’s personality is understood through awareness of individual weaknesses and strengths. (Komives, Lucas & McMahon, 2007). I think understanding yourself applies to both doing things right and doing the right things. When Dr Kahle was addressing meetings on girl child empowerment to the community, she spoke eloquently with nerves under control. After addressing two meetings, she was hired to be the master of ceremony for the Zimbabwe Independence celebration at provincial level. She kept people engaged as witnessed by a lot of laughter and loud claps. If Dr Kahle had assessed herself well, I think she would have noticed that public speaking is one of her strength.
I realized that Dr Kahle’s weakness was in writing. When she was writing her applications for further education for girls to the provincial Human Rights manager in 2008, she visited my school several times seeking help from my English teacher. By that time she was struggling to write ordinary level English examinations as an external candidate yet she had completed JHS in 2006. However, identifying personal strengths and weaknesses would make Dr Kahle neither a leader nor a manager because both managers and leaders need to know themselves. Even a manager need to know his/her weaknesses such that he/she would delegate subordinates to areas of his/her weaknesses.
A leader can be assessed using Jack Welch’s four Es (Krames, 2005). Looking at the founder of GEM, she had a passion to...