In 1787 the Northwest Ordinance was passed. It helped form new states and governed them. Then the confederate government had almost no control. The United States went into a depression, farmers had their land taken away, shays rebellion came, and slavery became a topic of debate. This led to the constitutional convention. Many plans were proposed, but only compromises were accepted. Two important compromises were the Great Compromise, and the three-fifths compromise. The Great Compromise made a two house legislature, and the three-fifths compromise made slaves count as three-fifths of a free person when counting population. During the convention they also agreed that congress couldn’t interfere with slavery until 1808. They also rejected George Mason’s Bill of Rights. Even though there was no Bill of Rights, nine out of thirteen states approved the new government. This was a cause of the Civil War, because it began to allow more slave trade. It also caused many differences to arise between the north and the south.
The first census of the U.S. showed a population of four million. During the 1800’s there were many improvements. There were roads, turnpikes, river travel, steamboats, and canals. With these advancements, westward movement grew. In 1820 the U.S.’s population reached 9.6 million. This was a cause of the Civil War because it made more states, which in return made an uneven amount of slave and free states. This eventually led the South to secede from the Union.
After the Cotton Gin was invented the demand for slaves grew rapidly. Many northerners became abolitionists. William Lloyd Garrison was an abolitionist, and he founded his own newspaper called “The Liberator”. This was a cause of the Civil War because the North and South were already divided, but the slavery issue continued to spread them further and further apart.
After the Missouri Compromise was made, more conflict arose. New territories were beginning to fight over the issue of slavery. These territories included Texas, New Mexico, and California. After James Polk became president he annexed Texas, and it became a state. This was a cause of the Civil War because it caused was the war with Mexico, which as a result led to the Compromise of 1850. The Compromise of 1850 made Northerners help catch runaway slaves. The South loved it, but the North hated it. Once again the North and South were spreading apart.
In 1846 war with Mexico began. It was a fight for the New Mexico and California territories. Right after the war began David Wilmot proposed the Wilmot Proviso, which insisted that slavery be prohibited in any land acquired from Mexico. This outraged the South, so John Calhoun from South Carolina proposed that nobody could interfere with slavery. Neither proposal was passed. By 1848 the U.S. had gained New Mexico and California. In 1848 the Free-Soil Party was formed. It consisted of the Democrats,...