The Different Strategies Used By The North And South During The Civil War

725 words - 3 pages

On April 9, 1865 General Robert E. Lee surrendered his confederate troops to General Ulysses S. Grant marking the end of the deadliest war in American History. The Civil War was fought between the Northern free states and the Southern slave states. The death toll was 620,000 soldiers, with countless numbers of civilian injuries and casualties. The Union victory resulted in abolishing slavery, strengthening national government, and Reconstruction of the United States. The war raged for four years yet most people believed the North would prevail. The military might, resources, and military strategies used by the North made it nearly impossible for the South to win.
The Confederate state’s strategy for winning the war was to try to weaken the North and to enlist the help of England and France. The South was out numbered in terms of men, ammunition, and supplies. The Union army had 2,100,000 soldiers compared to 1,064,000 Confederate soldiers. Ninety-seven percent of firearm production came from the Northern states, and the North controlled over 70% of the railroad miles. The North had a skilled Navy and ultimately took control of the interior water ways and the ocean as well.
The military strategy of the South was to defend the homeland and wait for an opportunity for its army to launch a successful attack against the North. However, their strategy of self-defense proved to be a mistake. Defense of the homeland, and a sit and wait tactic initially kept Southern morale high but people soon got frustrated and wanted to march forcefully head on into Northern territory. Finally, the South had very set ideas about military battles. The Southern culture of honor was taken to the battle field. They believed in regular methods of warfare and wanted to meet their enemy on the battle field and fight face to face. The concept of guerrilla warfare was dishonorable to them. During the Vietnam War this tactic was very successful against opposing forces. Another strategy used by the Confederate Army was the use of scattered...

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