This research has asked us to look into three different styles of management and find real life examples of companies or individuals who have or are currently using such styles of management. To begin we will take a look into the use of an autocratic style of management versus a participative. In this portion we will look into Leona Helmsley and her chain of hotels. Once this potion is completed, our next section will be looking into a centralized style of management versus a decentralized style. In this section of the research, we will be looking into Apple Inc and how they have built an empire with a centralized style of managing philosophy. Finally, in the final section of the research we will be taking a look at how Google has created an informal environment in which employees have direct access to executives and have the ability to share thoughts and ideas that are taken serious and to the heart.
The different styles of management
An autocratic style of leadership is also known as an authoritarian leadership style of managing. Autocratic leaders are those who believe in individual control over all and every decision. Autocratic leaders also do not believe in any inputs from group members. Leaders that practice autocratic style of leadership normally make business choices based on their own agendas and judgments and never accept recommendations from their subordinates.
A great example of a company and individual that used an autocratic style of leadership is, Leona Helmsley and her chain of Helmsley hotels in New York. Mrs. Leona Helmsley AKA “The Queen of mean” was a firm believer of the autocratic style of leadership. She ran her hotel empire with an iron fist. She believed employees were inferior and need constant monitoring and micromanaging. Executives for the hotel chains had no choice when it came to the way they wanted to manage subordinates; Leona made sure that they ran the hotel the way she wanted it ran and with style of management she wanted. Leona was known to fire employees for the simplest mistakes they made (Nayab, 2011).
It is hard to argue whether or not this style of managing was a success when it comes to her hotel chains. From the outside, one can say that her autocratic style of managing has been a tremendous success; her hotel chains have been valued at well over five billion dollars, but when one looks at the core of her business, it is easy to say that her autocratic style of managing has not been so successful. Employee turnover is high and employee morale and satisfaction has always been at extremely low levels. Employees at her hotel chains are constantly walking on eggshells; they accomplish their tasks in fear of retaliation and possible dismissal if it is not accomplished to her standards.
Now that have look at the autocratic style of leadership, the research will navigate towards an example of a company who has been using more of a centralized...