Diabetes is a metabolic diseases also know as Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes is when a person has to high blood glucose or also known as sugar, diabetes affects 7% of the population. diabetes is happens when the body can not control the bodies blood sugar level or keep it at a homeostasis level. There are two types of diabetes and one that happens when a women is pregnant, there is Type 1 Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes. There are different treatments and ways of living with Diabetes.
The normal blood sugar level is 80 to 120 mg/dL. If the blood sugar drops below 80 mg/dL is is called hypoglycemia, and if it goes below 40 mg/dL it is a hypoglycemia crisis. If the blood sugar goes above 120 mg/dL it is called hyperglycemia. When the blood sugar goes above 400 mg/dL it's called diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) or hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic coma (HHNC). If the blood sugar goes then goes above 800 mg/dL it is a hyperglycemic crisis.
Hypoglycemia is when the blood sugar drops below 80 mg/dL. This can happen when a patient does not eat a meal and their sugar will drop or when a patient will take their insulin and not eat a meal afterward. When a patient is hypoglycemic some of the signs they can present with could be hungry, pale, clammy or moist skin, diaphoretic or sweating, anxious or combative, weakness on one side of the body and mimic a stroke, seizures, fainting, and their mental status can change. When a patient is hypoglycemic they need to eat a good meal or drink juice to raise their blood sugar. If the patient has an altered mental status they should not eat or drink anything because they can not control their airway, in these cases 911 needs to be called. When a paramedic arrives they can give the patient an IV and give the patient a drug called D50 and the drug is a lot like sugar water and this will help the patients sugar levels go up and the patient should start to have a normal level of consciousness. A problem with this drug is that it does not stay in the system long so the patient will need to eat a good meal after this to make sure that their sugar does not crash like it did before.
Hyperglycemia is when the blood sugar goes above 120 mg/dL. This will happen when a patient eats to many carbohydrates or sugar and the blood sugar spikes. This can also happen when a patient eats a meal and does not take their insulin and their blood sugar will go up. If a patient is hyperglycemic some signs they might show is warm and dry skin, intense thirst, should not be hungry, a sweet fruity breath, their pulse should be rapid, might have slurred speech, could have Kussmaul respirations and that is when a patient is breathing fast and deep. When a patient is hyperglycemic they need to go to the hospital because they can run test there and get their blood sugar levels to a safe level.
Type 1 Diabetes is when the body does not produce insulin and approximately 10% of diabetics are type 1. This type of...