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The Different Forms Of Psychometric Tests

1896 words - 8 pages

The Different Forms of Psychometric Tests

Describe the different forms of Psychometric tests commonly used by
employers to assist in employee selection and comment on the
advantages and disadvantages of their use.

Since the beginning of civilization, employers have testing
prospective workers in order to select suitable candidates. Original
tests would have been a rigidly controlled standardized system of
examinations. However in 1883 Galton produced the first psychometric
tests to measure intellect, and his developed form of analysis still
form the basis of present day psychometrics. An increasing number of
employers now use psychometric tests as part of their selection
process. The tests are of two main kinds, personality tests and
aptitude tests. Personality tests are designed to measure personality
traits that may have an effect on your performance at work whereas
aptitude tests measure abilities such as verbal or numerical reasoning
skills. With terms to employee selection, these tests have varied
advantages and disadvantages. These tests provide employers with vital
information of the candidate’s personality, ability and behavioral
patterns however, these results may be invalid due to the candidate
feeling unwell, misreading the question, sabotaging or deliberately
setting out to create a false impression.

Employers use different forms of Psychometric test to assist in
employee selection. Psychometric tests can either be structured or
projective. Projective personality tests tend to come in the form of
ink blot tests such as the Rorschach test which is one of the best
known and most widely used projective personality tests, which is
designed to study personality rather than mental ability. The
Rorschach test consists of ten cards each unique, which are presented
to the candidate. The candidate’s responses are then measured and
scored to five dimensions location, determination, form quality,
content and frequency of occurrence. The Rorschach test had problems
upon implementation. E. Lord in 1950 claimed that the examiner may
inadvertently reveal information or reinforce certain types of
responses through facial expressions and other forms of non-verbal
communication (Saccuzzo, 1998). Evaluating Rorschach on classical
psychometric properties has also proven difficult. Psychologists have
concluded that the empirical data is inadequate when judged by
scientific standards. This is due to the Rorschach scoring methods
being un-standardized and therefore provided varied and inconsistent
results. Other problems relate to the examiner rather than
psychometric properties which include lack of relevant training and
experience in scoring methods. The Holtzman inkblot test was designed
to overcome many of the problems with the Rorschach test. In this
test, subjects are only...

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