The Differing Methods And Aims Of Malcolm X And Martin Luther King

895 words - 4 pages

The Differing Methods And Aims Of Malcolm X And Martin Luther King

The methods of Malcolm X and martin Luther King were very different
but they shared the same basic aim, to improve the lives of black
Americans. Possibly these differences in both aims and methods comes
from the differences in the way they were raised, Malcolm X was born
Marcus Little in Omah, Nebr. Malcolm X's father was a follower of
Marcus Garvey (Garvey believed that Black Americans should go back to
Africa and establish Political and economic ties with Africa) 1n 1931
Malcolm's father was found dead after being run over, Malcolm blamed
white racists, soon after this his mother was committed to a mental
hospital. Malcolm spent the rest of his childhood in foster homes and
during this time white school teachers discouraged him from continuing
education. In 1941 he moved to Boston, he became involved in criminal
activities and in 1946 he was sent to prison and during this time he
became a Muslim and joined the nation of Islam where he became a
predominant figure. Martin Luther King was born in Georgia and had a
more settled childhood, King's father and grandfather were both
Baptist preachers involved in the civil rights movement. As a student
he became interested in Ghandi's belief in passive resistance and
believed these tactics could be used in the American civil rights
movement. King became a Baptist minister and preached tolerance of all
ethnic groups and different religious groups. The upbringing of King
meant that he had less hatred towards whites and perhaps this explains
his beliefs in peaceful protests.

Malcolm X's aim was to create a Black state in America and he believed
that this should be done by any means necessary and he was very
critical of the passive methods followed by King. Malcolm X believed
that blacks should be separate from whites as well as equal; he
developed this view from the influence of the Nation of Islam and
because of the long term abuse and suffering caused by several
prominent whites in his life. The views of Malcolm X changed after he
left the Nation of Islam in 19__ and he started to view Kings methods
in a less negative light and began to be more tolerant towards White
people, this new stance was developed during...

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