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The Issues, Events And Actions Which 'pulled' The British Crown Into New Zealand 1830 1840.

1357 words - 5 pages

(b) Describe issues, events and actions that 'pulled' theBritish Crown into New Zealand 1830 - 1840. Evaluate themotives of Maori and Pakeha in signing of the treaty of Waitangi in1840.The British granted New Zealand independence in 1935 but by 1940 it had become obvious that Britain needed to take control of New Zealand, this greater form of control was to come in the treaty of Waitangi in 1840. The motives behind the signing of the treaty vary greatly from Maori and Pakeha.Britain held very little control in New Zealand. Captain William Hobson noticed this when he was sent to investigate the situation on behalf of Governor Bourke of New South Wales. He reported back saying that both Maori and the ever increasing settlements of law abiding British were under threat from lawlessness. This lawlessness refered to drunken sailors and the like apon from whom which British had a gained reputation no where more then at Korakea which became known as the hell hole of the South Pacific. There was also a much more sinister problem which the britsh had to deal with that was the use of Britsh ships in a mercenaries fashion apon which warriors could be transported. The Elizabethan Affair was a prime example of this. It occurred when Captain Stewart sailing the Elizabeth gave Te Rauparaha (a northern chief) and his men safe passage to Akaroa so that they could lay a trap for unsuspecting Ngai Puhi. In return for a payment in flax. New Zealand had no effective force for dealing with these sorts of incidents. People had to be sent from New South Wales and by the time they arrived deed was done and the culprits had absconded as had happened with the elizerbeth affair Captain Stewart was long gone before the authorites were any the wiser. This highlighted the ineffectiveness of this system.Pre 1940 there was a lack of a real British presence and commitment to New Zealand. This lead to interest from France, Holland and America, as well as greedy entrepreneurs keen to extract whatever they could from New Zealand. The Declaration of Independence in 1935 was a step in the right direction but only really made provisions for protection of maori from large scale colonization. An incident which really worried Britain, was the landing of the Nimrod in 1937 carrying Baron Charles de Thierry and 93 of his subjects. They hoped to colonise the Bay of Islands and name it De Thierry land. This threat was not defeated by Britain but more so by maori who had sold much of the land De Thierry had purchased 15 years earlier. This made the little land they had uneconomical. They had to trade for food and soon ran out of funds. But they did have a lasting effect the theory that Britain would be able to extract resources from New Zealand with out a larger presence no longer held much weight.Colonisation threats did not only come form other countries. The Wakefeild brothers made this blatently clear. These convicts would buy land from Maori, often very shadily and then divide it up and...

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