The Disadvantages Faced By Catholics In Northern Ireland In The Mid 1960’s

1731 words - 7 pages

The Disadvantages Faced by Catholics in Northern Ireland in the Mid-1960’s

Since the partition of 1921 the Catholics and Protestants in Northern
Ireland had been unable to live on equal terms together. The North
became Northern Ireland and the south the Republic of Ireland. It was
not really an event, for decades Britain had resisted Home rule but by
1919 the attitudes were altering. A majority of Northern Ireland were
Protestants, the Catholics only made up 33% of the population, and the
66% left were Protestants. The Protestants wanted to remain a part of
Britain but the Catholics wanted to become independent and separate
form Ireland. This abhorrence between Catholics and Protestants
resulted in the Catholics having a number of disadvantages. The
tension steadily rose to a high in the 1960’s. Catholic hopes for
strong Unionist opposition hindered better conditions in their lives.
The mainly protestant police saw a wave of violence through clashes
which erupted badly in 1968. This was the start to all the troubles,
which are still experienced today.

The political disadvantages faced by Catholics were caused mainly by
the structure of the elections. There were three types of elections
throughout Northern Ireland. The first was a General Election where
each adult, whether Catholic or Protestant had one vote each. Then
there was the Stormont Election. The Stormont Parliament was meant to
look after not only the interests of the Protestants but of the
Catholics as well. But as the Protestants were a majority of the
population, the Catholics were neglected. This election was where you
could only have two votes if you owned a business or attended
university-this included mostly just Protestants as Catholics did not
own businesses due to education and most students were Protestant.
Then possibly the most important election was the Council Election
where you could only vote if your property was worth over £10(most
Catholics didn’t have that money) or if you were a tenant of a public
authority houses you were allowed to vote -but 2/3 of Protestants
lived in these public authority houses- or if you owned a business or
a company you were entitled to a second vote but most companies were
owned by Protestants. This was important because any Catholic
representing party would have some power in the Stormont Election and
the General Elections, which would mean Catholics, had some say in the
way the area was run. Because the Council Elections were so important
the government used a deceiving tactic called Gerrymandering. When
there were more Catholics than Protestants in one council election
area, the government would move the borders so that the Protestants
would be elected because they would then outnumber the Catholics. We
can see that this happened in Londonderry (Derry) where there was
...

Find Another Essay On The Disadvantages Faced by Catholics in Northern Ireland in the Mid-1960’s

Politics In Northern Ireland Essay

1074 words - 4 pages . There have been many tales of violent horrific acts between both groups in the past. The people in Northern Ireland are closer to peace then they ever where. It is now time for the fighting to stop, and for all people in Northern Ireland learn to live as one.Although conflict in Ireland has gone on for hundreds of years, the conflict faced in Northern Ireland started in the early 1900~{!/~}s. The island of Ireland was ruled by the British who

Peace in Northern Ireland Essay

2410 words - 10 pages Unionists wanted to keep control and so felt that a divided Ireland was best, whereas Nationalists felt that there was nothing good for them in Northern Ireland. By the 1950's Catholics started to accept that they were part of a separated Ireland and would be for the foreseeable future. Between 1956 and 1962 this attitude became clear with the IRA starting its campaign of violence. This campaign failed as many Catholics were

Conflict in Northern Ireland

3499 words - 14 pages get equal rights. However these changes were slow in coming and many Catholics got frustrated at the lack of progress that was being made. So In 1967 a group of Catholics started the Civil Rights movement demanding changes in the way Northern Ireland was run. From then on they organized a series of marches in the hope of speeding up the changes. Many of these marches ended in violence and bloodshed between the catholic

The Chances for Lasting Peace in Northern Ireland

2173 words - 9 pages running of Northern Ireland Moderates believe, more specifically, that the politics of Ulster should be dealt with by Britain, in London. Extremists feel that Northern Ireland should actually be owned by Britain and be a separate country from the ROI. 2: Chose at least two events in the last 400 years. Explain how these have been important in shaping the views of a) Loyalists/Unionists/Protestants b) Republicans

Civil Rights in the 1960's

1242 words - 5 pages strongly supported by the Catholic Church, and back in the 1960's, Catholics tended to be white, working class, and voted Democratic. This is an example of how political agendas changed along with the struggles in American values. At first, liberal Democrats were against abortion reform and the Republican party was for it. The abortion law repeal did not sit well with many Americans, and this is one factor that helped to put the Republican party back into power.The other main element that aided the Republicans was war.At first, the American people rallied around the president when it was time to go to war, with few questions asked.

Culture in the 1960’s Essay

815 words - 4 pages by artists that became famous by their mainstream in the 1950's like Elvis Presley, Ray Charles, Dion. etc. in 1963 many social influences changed the concept of popular music, and it was like the renaissance of music, why? because it changed the diversity of what we experience with music in our days. Many issues made impact in music like the murder of JFK, The war at Vietnam, the civil rights movement, made music reflect that change. In the 1963

Women’s Endurance in the 1960’s

1805 words - 7 pages expectation for women in the 1960’s. The “Women’s Rights Movement’s” endurance is discussed by the article “Why I Want a Wife” by Judy Brady where the “Wife” is describe as the one enduring all the work in the house and at the same time going to work while the “husband” goes to school. The ”Women Rights Movement” provided an opportunity for those who wanted sexual equality and equal rights to fight for it. The literary piece ”Why I Want A Wife” is

The Northern Ireland Conflict

2548 words - 10 pages Agreement', all of these departments are controlled by Lord Alderdice. Who was appointed as the initial Presiding Officer of the New Northern Ireland Assembly by the Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, Dr. Marjorie Mowlam, MP. One of the most important institutions in Northern Ireland is that of education. With a growing economy and business market the people of Northern Ireland hold a quality education in high esteem. The government established

The military tactics used by the U.S.A. and the Vietcong in Vietnam in the 1960's.

770 words - 3 pages The USA and Vietcong's tactics that were used towards each other were cunning and sly. The Vietcong's tactics were by such things as making dummy paths of the Ho Chi Min trail when they had hidden the real ones with traps on the dummy ones. They also fought a lot at night wearing dark clothes so the USA's military wouldn't see them and because Vietcong's knew their way around the jungles more than the USA, the USA's army were better 'prey'. The

The Student Union Development in 1960's and 1970's

1144 words - 5 pages way that things were at the time. It was no surprise that by the mid 1960's a lot of the students were heavily involved in the protests. The American president John F. Kennedy was seen by many as an object of optimism, with who they could look forward to what their country was going to become. This optimism was shattered when; in 1963 the president was shot dead. This event coupled with the stories of horrors from

Religion Separatism in Northern Ireland

1327 words - 5 pages two communities could live as neighbours and live as the Catholics in Ireland and the Protestants in the north. However, this did not happen as planned because the Catholics in the north, who were often on low incomes, and/or unemployed had very little money to move south with, so many of the Catholics stayed in the north and particularly in Belfast. This caused a great deal of friction and by the late 60's English troops

Similar Essays

The Disadvantages That Black Americans Faced In The Early 1950’s

847 words - 3 pages The Disadvantages that Black Americans Faced in the Early 1950’s The early 1950’s was a time in American history when negro-Americans were discriminated against by the white authorities. They were discriminated againstin the following ways; Negro-Americans were given a poor quality education, they had to attend separate schools to the white children, as one of the crow laws stated that black and white children

The Conflict In Northern Ireland Essay

4472 words - 18 pages that children be brought up Catholic. Whatever the reason, Protestants in the North were reinforced in their fear of assimilation by Catholics and were suspicious of the minority population in Northern Ireland whose opportunities for advancement they restricted. The nationalist population dealt with the discrimination and alienation that they felt by withdrawing socially and politically, and for much of the next fifty years they did not take their

Defusing The Conflict In Northern Ireland

1881 words - 8 pages destroy the identity of the Catholic people by influencing their culture, and religious ways. The stripping of political and human rights by the Protestants and the economic burden, left on the Catholics fuelled the anger of the Native Irish. It can be argued that the Northern Ireland War was the result of Catholic hostility towards their Protestant arrivals. Throughout the history of Ireland, the Irish have been forced to defend their territory

Conflict In Northern Ireland Essay

1475 words - 6 pages Conflict in Northern Ireland For centuries there has been conflict in Northern Ireland. The disagreement between Irish Catholics and the Irish Protestants still continues to this day. In this assessment I am going to examine why soldiers were sent into Ireland in 1969. Between 1921 and the mid 1960s Catholics in Northern Ireland faced many problems. After the War Of Independence, in 1919, the country