Christopher Columbus was born in Genoa, Italy to Domenico Colombo and Susanna Fontanarossa. Barely anything is known about Columbus’s childhood, but it is told that he was very well educated and spoke seven different languages. As a young boy, he would go sailing out at sea. He continued this throughout his older years (Amanda Briney).
In 1497, Columbus met his brother Bartolomeo, who was a mapmaker, in Lisbon. He later met his wife Filipa Moniz Perestrello and married her. Shortly after their marriage his wife Filipa gave birth to their son Diego in 1480. In 1485 Columbus’s wife died. For a better life, Columbus and his son went to Spain.
After receiving approval from the King and Queen of Spain, Columbus set sail on August 3, 1492. He used 3 ships on his voyage, the Pinta, Nina, and the Santa Maria. After 2 months at sea, a ship member, Rodrigo de Triana, spotted land on October 12, 1492 at 2 a.m. Columbus thought this was an Asian island and named it San Salvador. From no sign ...view middle of the document...
Ship members sighted land and uncovered 3 more islands, Dominica, Guadeloupe, and Jamaica. Columbus believed these were islands off of Japan. He then went on to Hispaniola only to find out that the ship members at Navidad were killed after mistreating the population of Hispaniola. This resulted in Columbus establishing the colony of Santo Domingo and took over the island of Hispaniola after a battle in 1495.
Columbus started his third voyage on May 30, 1498, but this time, Columbus took a route South. Still searching for China, he discovered Trinidad and Tobago, Grenada, and Margarita on July 31. On August 31, Columbus went back to Hispaniola and saw the colony of Santo Domingo in shambles. In 1500, Columbus was arrested and sent back to Spain. He was charged for treating the locals and Spaniards poorly, but he was able to defend himself and have the charges dropped.
Columbus’s fourth and final voyage began on May 9, 1502, and he arrived in Hispaniola in June. He was told that he was forbidden from entering the colony and resumed exploring. He found Central America on July 4. In January 1503, Columbus arrived at Panama and came across a small amount of gold but was thrown out of the area by those who lived there. Columbus set sail on November 7, 1504. He then settled with his son Diego in Seville when he arrived.
Shortly after Queen Isabella’s death on November 26, 1504, Columbus attempted to regain governship of Hispaniola. The King of Spain allowed Columbus to petition in 1505, but did not do anything afterwards. A year later, Columbus became sick and died on May 20, 1506.
Because of Columbus’s discoveries, he is venerated in many areas worldwide, but mainly in the Americas. The celebration of Columbus Day is on the second Monday in October every year. But even with the fame, Columbus was not the first European to come across the Americas. In geography it’s told that Columbus was the first to visit, settle, and stay in the new lands.
Before Columbus, various people have settled and explored different areas of the Americas. Some Norse explorers visited areas of North America. It is believed that Leif Ericson was the first European to visit and settle in the northern area of Canada’s newfound land 500 years before Columbus.