The Dispute Between Costa Rica And Nicaragua

2840 words - 11 pages

Costa Rica is a country in Central America bordered by Nicaragua to the north, panama to the east and south, the Pacific Ocean to the west and south and the Caribbean Sea to the east.
The San Juan River has been a source of territorial disputes between Costa Rica and Nicaragua regarding the use of the river by Costa Rica, this dispute goes all the way back to 1858 when the “COSTA RICA-NICARAGUA, TREATY OF TERRITORIAL LIMITS, SAN JOSÉ, 15 APRIL 1858” was signed by both countries. “The boundary between Costa Rica and Nicaragua was originally defined in an 1857 treaty that was reconfirmed in an arbitral award in 1888 handed down by US President Grover Cleveland” , in his word, president Cleveland stated that “The republic of Costa Rica, under said treaty and stipulations contained in the sixth article thereof, has not the right to navigation of the river San Juan with Vessels of War; but she may navigate said river with such vessels of the revenue service as may be related to and connected with her enjoyment of the ‘purposes of commerce’ accorded to her in said article, or as may be necessary to the protection of said enjoyment” . After the award in 1888 more problems began during the demarcation of the territory in 1897 which was delineated by the award of another US arbitrator, Edward Alexander. The territorial dispute started again in 2005 and the ambassador of Costa Rica to the Netherlands made a complaint to the ICJ for dispute relating navigational and related rights , the ICJ’s ruling was not given until July 2009 where the court gave Costa Rica the right to navigate and other rights, in the Court’s judgement, the court concluded that “It follows from the above that Nicaragua has exercised its powers of regulation regarding the matters discussed under subsections (a), (b), (e) and (f) above in conformity with the 1858 Treaty; but that it is not acting in conformity with the obligations under the 1858 Treaty when it implements measures requiring visas and tourist cards and the payment of charges in respect of vessels, boat operators and their passengers exercising the freedom of navigation” .
After the courts judgement in 2009, a common man out there would believe this to be the end of the territorial dispute between both countries, but on the 15th of October 2010, the Guardian newspaper reported a dispute between Costa Rica and Nicaragua after the Organisation of American states intervened. According to the report by Guardian newspaper, Google maps has wrongly apportioned a small of land in Costa Rica to Nicaragua and Nicaragua stated that the quarrel will be taken to the ICJ because Costa Rica has taken over a San Juan River. “The Nicaraguan president, Daniel Ortega, said the country will not remove its 50 soldiers from the Calero Island section of land, and accused the Organisation of American States (OAS) of making matters worse with Friday's diplomatic intervention, in which it requested the two neighbours to meet before November...

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