The Differences Between Skill, Ability and Technique
Ability is the natural aptitude that we are born with. Both ability
and technique are necessary to perform skill, especially in sport.
Ability is often considered as the building blocks in sport and
generally seen as being innate, meaning you are born with them or
develop them early on in life. Without these you will never be able to
perform a skill fully. For example, without good basic balance,
agility and hand eye co-ordination you would have difficulty hitting a
hockey ball affectively and efficiently. Although these can in some
cases be improved on, someone who is not naturally gifted with them
will never find it instinctive.
Technique is the actually physical mechanical movement of a skill,
i.e. how you hit the ball. It is often confused with skill; however it
is natural ability and the development of a particular technique that
allows for a skill to be performed. A dictionary defines it as the
systematic procedure by which a complex or specific task is
accomplished. Without knowing exactly how physically to push a hockey
ball, for example, understanding how to hold the stick correctly or
how far the ball should be from your body, then it is likely that you
will be unable to perform that skill. Therefore we can conclude that a
skill can not occur without ability or technique and that they are
linked together closely. This can be shown in the formula below.
Skill = Ability + Technique
Skill is a 'learned ability' which brings about a pre-determined
result. Performers who are skilled show consistency, technique,
ability, co-ordination, balance and fluency.Skill is the ability to
link movements and techniques and to make decisions at pace. You may
have natural ability but without learning techniques, practicing them
in many situations and at increasing speeds you will not become a
player with 'skill'. If you have never seen a hockey stick and ball
you will not be able to play the game straightaway.
Skill engages the knowledge of when to apply a particular technique
and involves judgment and decision making. The link between the three
components is that without ability you will not be able to develop
technique, and without technique you will not be able to generate
skill. I believe that one of the most important factors to enhance
these components of fitness is progressive practice.
As I mentioned early, to enhance and improve ability is generally
considered unattainable because of it being innate. However although
not necessary improving the ability, it can be endorsed by testing it
to see if it holds true in increasingly difficult situations. For
example, I have chosen to look at one particular skill, which is a
'push pass' in hockey. Firstly for a push pass to be successful then
it the player...