The Differences In Parenting Essay

1374 words - 5 pages

Parenting styles are different across different cultures, religions, social economic status, political ideologies, and socially accepted constructs (Class, 10/11/11). The Macoby parenting paradigm of psychological constructs, describes four parenting styles based on parent’s demandingness and warmth (Class, 10/11/11). Parenting styles also reflects the disciplinary techniques used by parents. The parent-child relationship is a crucial factor in shaping the lives of a child. However, this causal association may be disproportionately unequal.
According to the Macoby parenting model, there are four basic classifications of parenting style: authoritative, authoritarian, permissive, and neglectful (Class, 10/11/11). Parenting styles may differ depending on diverse socio-cultural factors yet each style has certain key features. Authoritative parents have high demands and clear expectations for their children (Class, 10/11/11). They help children learn to be responsible for themselves and to think about the consequences of their behavior. They impose supportive discipline as opposed to harsh punishments in a warm and loving manner allowing the child to explore their creativity, self-expression, encourage education, and instill morals and values that would lead them to psychologically and socially successful lives (Class, 10/11/11). By rewarding the good behavior and not punishing the bad behavior yet explaining its malice, authoritative parents believe they are better mothers than those with other styles (Hays, 2007)In other words, they stay at home to provide the family support they believe necessary to be happy and surpass adversity by positive reinforcement as opposed to punishment. Moreover, authoritarian parents demand obedience and give orders without explanation showing less warmth or affection and using severer disciplinary techniques. This parent, like the authoritative, has high demands. Yet this parent is stern and expects obedience to maintain order and control of what, as a parent, they feel is a proper form of discipline and guidance. For example, reasoning the demand to do something because “I’m big, your small, I’m right, your wrong…” or more commonly heard, “because I said so”, as in parent-child acts of enforcement (Class, 10/11/11). They maintain control of the adolescent’s environment and behavior without allowing for growth of independent decision-making skills. They encourage their adolescents to be self-regulated as well as cooperative, assertive and socially responsible (mature faster/earlier) (Class, 11/08/11). In contrast, the permissive and neglectful parents are much less demanding, if at all. However, the permissive parent expresses more affection (Class, 10/11/11). Permissive parents are lenient and do not insist on socially acceptable behavior. They avoid rules, demands, and confrontation (Class, 10/11/11). Lastly, neglectful parents do not offer structure or guidelines. They simply withdraw from all...

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