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The Diverse Nature Of Psychology Essay

1099 words - 5 pages

The Diverse Nature of Psychology
Shauna Carton
Psy 490
May 13, 2014
Lena Klumper

The Diverse Nature of Psychology
The American Psychological Association has identified 54 divisions within the field of psychology (Plante, 2011). Each division has stemmed from one of the seven major perspectives: psychodynamic, behavioral, humanistic, cognitive, sociocultural, biological, and evolutionary. This diversity within psychology, allows psychologists the ability to expand in all areas of explanation, assessment, and diagnoses, which furthers the science of psychology through many different subfield specialties.
Influence on Psychology’s Major Concepts
Diversity is off great influence on the major concepts in psychology. The cognitive-behavioral, psychodynamic, and humanistic perspectives provide diverse explanations and solutions to psychological disorders. Each perspective offers a unique emphasis on human behavior factors such as cognitive and social factors. Seeing as no two people will have the same exact perception of an event, it is no wonder that two psychologists will bring a different perception of the field to the table.
Sub disciplines and Subtopics
Clinical Psychology
Clinical psychology “focuses on the assessment, treatment, and understanding of psychological and behavioral problems and disorders” (Plante, 2011, p. 5). Clinical psychology incorporates all aspects of human functioning, including but not limited to intellect, emotions, behavior, biology and social factors (Plante, 2011). These aspects assist a clinical psychologist in a way to understand and assist a patient with troubles that may occur throughout his or her life span.
Social context and culture have a huge impact on behavior. One must be familiar with cultural norms in order to efficiently understand symptoms and develop proper treatments. Psychologists are urged to “become familiar with indigenous beliefs and practice and respect them” (Plante, 2011, p. 411)
One of the many changes that have occurred in the last few decades is the American family dynamic. It is not uncommon to see single parents or blended families. This has become the norm and with this comes stress or anxiety. Clinical psychologist must be vigilant when assessing patients that fit into the new American family mold (Plante, 2011)
Industrial–Organizational Psychology
Industrial/Organizational psychology is derived from industrial psychology and organizational psychology. The industrial side of the field strives for efficiency within a company by taking on a managerial perspective to ensure that human resources are being utilized (Spector, 2012). The organizational side of the field strives to ensure that employee morale is where it needs to be and the employees are properly taken care of (Spector, 2012). Like clinical psychology, I/O psychology is a scientific based specialty. I/O psychology is concerned with the scientific principles found in the workplace and not the emotional problems of...

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