Today's world is full of problems present on an international scale. Yet, differences amongst states compel them to eschew cooperation. The division between the global North and South is the greatest challenge to global governance. The contrast in economic welfare, political stability, and culture among states creates many dilemmas for the international community. The economic differences between highly developed economies and the rest of the world deters cooperation. In addition, social differences between North and South create cultural clashes that breed violence, and adds difficulty to forming international norms. Moreover, the political weakness of some states in the global South create security dilemmas and keep global governance initiatives away from success. The international order is skewed in favour of the global North and serves to empower them. However, international leaders can solve these issues by promoting global equity. In order for global governance to achieve its fullest potential, the world must first address the inequality of states.
The North-South divide is a social, economic, and political separation between the highly developed nations and the rest of the world. The global North encompasses the world's richest countries, including Canada, the United States, western and central European Union members, Israel, Japan, the Asian Tigers, Australia, and New Zealand.1 These countries all currently operate under functional democratic governments and have over $20,000 GDP per capita. The rest of the world's countries belong with the global South; and although they make up the vast majority of the world's population, these states collectively hold less economic and political power. Global problems harm the poorer countries the most, yet these states have the least resources to resolve these challenges.
The poverty present in developing countries is a huge problem on its own. Over one billion people in the world live in abject poverty and have trouble satisfying basic life needs.2 In addition, a country with poor production power cannot provide the necessary services for its populous. Malaria is a huge problem in many parts of Africa because the poor states in the region cannot produce enough mosquito nets adequately to prevent the spread of the disease.3 Furthermore, poor countries often trap themselves in poverty. Economic stagnation breeds conflict. When youth have few future economic prospects for success, many join rebellions to have a chance at wealth.4 This makes civil war far more likely as it is much easier for a rebel group to gain personnel. War destroys the economy, preventing industrial and market development. As a result, the country becomes more impoverished, which induces additional conflict in the future – trapping the country in poverty. This problem is not isolated either, one country's civil war can affect the surrounding region.
Poverty creates many problems that can easily spill over borders. Along with...