The Division Of Labor In Society By Emily Durkheim

718 words - 3 pages

Emile Durkheim is largely credited as the man who made Sociology a science. As a boy, he was enraptured by the scientific approach to society, but at that time, there was no social science curriculum. Vowing to change this, Durkheim worked scrupulously to earn his “degree in philosophy in 1882”. (Johnson 34) Unable to change the French school system right away, Emile traveled to Germany to further his education. It was there that he published his initial findings and gained the knowledge necessary to influence the French education system. Emile Durkheim is a distinguished and well versed man who, through his work, established a platform for other sociologist to build on.
On his own, ...view middle of the document...

These noted professionals all make Durkheim’s theories about the division of labor and anomie obvious and relevant in today’s world. Through an examination of classical theory as modified by contemporaries, they demonstrate that sociological theory is indispensable in understanding the social world. Scholars inspired by Durkheim as follows: Marcel Mauss, Maurice Halbwachs, Célestin Bouglé, Alfred Radcliffe-Brown, Talcott Parsons, Robert K. Merton, Jean Piaget, Claude Lévi-Strauss, Ferdinand de Saussure, Michel Foucault, Clifford Geertz, Peter Berger, Robert Bellah, social reformer Patrick Hunout and others. Among the many great thinkers that he inspired, perhaps the most acclaimed is Ziya Gökalp, the founding father of Turkish sociology.
The work of Durkheim provides an interesting connection to Catholicism and the Catholic World View. In Durkheim’s The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life, he tries to identify the social origin and function of religion. He concluded that the concept of supernatural is relatively new, tied to the development of science and separation of supernatural and natural. The Catholic worldview is seen in clear juxtaposition with this ideal. Catholics believe that the desire for God is written on the...

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