The Division Of Property Essay

2379 words - 10 pages

The earth is now inhabited by myriads of animals including humans. The resources seem abundant and there is no system to regulate what belongs to each. There have been many theories on the best approach to justify taking resources for oneself or sharing everything amongst each other. There are multiple philosophers who have different ideas for how property should be handled. Should property be held in public or private? Plato and Socrates are known for having communist ideals about property where everything is shared. They believe it will promote unity amongst society which is a prerequisite for a utopia. Famous philosophers who are passionately against the idea of public property are Aristotle, John Locke, and Hans Hermann Hoppe. In today's society, the idea of all property being held in common is unfavorable and difficult to successfully implement.Every civilization to date has always had a sense of private property in some shape or form. The nations today classified as communist such as China, North Korea, and Cuba put up a communist façade but their governments allow privatization of property. The states' attempts to hinder self promotion have led to an obvious decrease in technological development and therefore overall quality of life. The current priority in China is the transition from being a farming nation into a primarily manufacturing state to bring more wealth to the country. Farmers who are unwilling to give up their farms are forced by the communist government to sell the land or have it stripped away. The act of compensating the farmer for land which is suppose to be public in the first place shows that land mixed with labor translates into ownership. In today's society, the idea of private property gained by labor is evident in every state and has become an issue no longer debated. Competing with the rest of the world, technological advances have been brought on by ingenuity which only occurs when one sees self benefit. People are motivated most greatly when materialism is the reward. Materialism leads to privatization of land and other resources and eventually into capitalism.Plato is so committed to the idea of all property being held in public that even one's own body should be shared. "Wives and children will be held in common" is a startling idea from Plato in his instruction manual for an ideal government titled The Republic (Ross 1). The benefit behind such a law is so that children will be raised in the same atmosphere and no one will have an advantage. The schooling, food, and access to wealth are regulated so that everyone has an equal background which should foster an equal society. In today's world the future success of people depend on upbringing and the financial status of one's parents more than ever. The amount of opportunity available to someone who possesses a prestigious college degree which had been attained by paying ridiculously expensive tuition bills is much greater than someone who cannot afford to...

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