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The Doomed Buendia Family In Gabriel Garcia Marquez's One Hundred Years Of Solitude

1141 words - 5 pages

People do not pride themselves on being like their mother or father. But ancestors traits pass down through families, tying them together. The Buendia family, from Gabriel Garcia Marquez's “One Hundred Years of Solitude”, is a perfect example of the mystical doom that follows through generations. Nobel Prize Winner, Marquez weaves a tale about life in Macadona and the strange and twisted Buendia family line. The story addresses mysterious dark magic, death, and horrifying tales of incest, debauchery, and love. Throughout the story, Marquez creates Macadona as if time was repeating itself. Each generation making the same fateful choices as their relatives. In this story the protagonists have many differences in their fates. However; they all share unifying facts that tie them together in the hundred years of solitude.
The men of the Buendia family all originated from Jose Arcadio Buendia I. Marquez describes his character as a charismatic, stubborn, and imaginative man. Macadona was founded by him after and argument with Prudencio Aguilar. This led to Jose to spearing him through the throat. Haunted by the ghost of Aguilar, Jose has a dream and goes in search of Macadona.
Jose Arcadio Buendia was obsessed with magic. After meeting gypsy Melquiades, Jose slowly loses his touch on reality trying to decipher a Sanskrit manuscript left to him. After a while, Ursula,his wife and cousin, ordered “twenty men to drag him to the chestnut tree in the courtyard, where they left him tied up”(Marquez,78). Ursula made this decision for his safety and the safety of her family. He remained there until his death, shouting wildly in perfect Latin. Jose's sons, also followed a similar tragic fate. Jose Arcadio II was like his father in attitude but did not have imagination. After running off and traveling the world, Jose II returned to marry his foster sister and second cousin Rebecca. Jose II dies tragically and mysteriously after saving his brother from execution. Jose I's younger son was Aurelito, or later Colonel Aureliano Buendía. Colonel Aureliano was not like his father in disposition, but possesses prophetic powers. Ursula described at the age of three Aureliano predicted a pot would fall. He “was psychic it began an unmistakeable movement towards the edge-, and it fell and broke on the floor”(15). Aureliano becomes Colonel after fighting in 23 civil wars. Throughout the book Aureliano makes more prophecies and loses his child bride, Remedios Moscote. Towards the end of his life Aureliano continues to try and decipher his fathers manuscript. Eventually, Aureliano tries to commit suicide due to frustration, not despair. The women of the Buendia family are tied to the fate of the men in their lives.
Ursula was the matriarch of the family. Brought into the story by Marquez, when she married the founder of the Buendia line, Jose Arcadio Buendia I. Throughout the story, Ursula remained the motherly figure until her death. Ursula constantly reminded her...

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