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The Downfall Of Neanderthals Essay

771 words - 4 pages

Many scientist have spent their lives trying to unravel the mystery that is the demise of the neanderthals. Today, with their help,using a phylogenic tree, we know that they are closely related to humans and slightly related to gorillas. With that information, we can further conclude that many things impacted them including climate change, interbreeding, and human interaction. Using the Journal Advances in Complex Systems research compiled on the end of Neanderthals came to light. When Neanderthals and early humans land-use patterns changed during the last ice age, computer modeling showed that the two populations began to mingle and mate, leading to the "extinction" of one of the groups ...view middle of the document...

1_AF089820) then both Neanderthal 1 (gi_7769684_gb_AF254446.1_AF254446) and Neanderthal 2 (gi:7769684). Both neanderthals are very closely related to both humans which helps prove the point, that over a long period of time, ancient humans and neanderthals could have successfully interbred. Further more, there are numerous humans walking around today with a percentage of Neanderthal DNA, suggesting a mating between Humans and Neanderthals.

Ground breaking research done by Barton and Julien Riel-Salvatore from the University of Colorado Denver, in the journal, Advances in Complex Systems, hint that the Neanderthals demise was due to a multitude of influences, mostly climate changes. Cultural and socio-ecological changes in behavior were researched using archaeological data in Western Eurasia during the past 120,000 years. When Neanderthals and early humans land-use patterns changed during the last ice age, computer modeling showed that the two populations began to mingle and mate, leading to the "extinction" of one of the groups because of hybridization. Addressing the possibility that the two groups would not have looked at one another as potential mates, the researchers examined the possible effects of social barriers on mating in their models as well. They found that unless social taboos were almost 100 percent effective, it would have not made a difference in generations over time...

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