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The Structure Of Charles Dickens's "A Christmas Carol"

2359 words - 9 pages

Charles Dickens’s, a British social reformer which has presented to an audience a brilliant novel: A Christmas Carol. The play is set in the mid 1900’s where the industrial revolution was introduced which resulted in inventions such as machines; people consequently were fleeing the countryside for work in city for good paying jobs, for good achieving business people this gave their business a massive amount of money but a small minority of people were underprivileged because money was distributed unfairly. The basis of the story is to show the audience that money alone cannot bring happiness, but it is how you use it.
The novel is incredibly carefully structured into five staves and the last stave and the first stave being total opposites of each other, while in between the middle staves, consist of three ghosts; ghost of Christmas past, Christmas present and future. These ghosts try to transform Scrooge completely from being a horrible and mean old man into a loving and caring person for his benefit as well as everyone else’s.
The beginning of the play initiates with the death of Scrooge’s business partner Jacob Marley. Charles Dickens exaggerates Marley’s death and Scrooge’s soul feels dead and his ability to be generous, kind and to love is gone.’ Scrooge was not dreadfully cut up by the death of the sad event but that was an excellent man of business on the very day of the funeral, and solemnized it with an undoubted bargain’ , this shows Scrooge has no feeling for his best friend and his death does no phase him. Dickens now compares Scrooge to the weather, e.g. ‘he carried his own low temperatures always about with him; this shows us Scrooge is cold hearted and spreads his cold emotion to everyone.
Scrooge is such a miser and he does not pay for Marley’s name to be painted out after seven years. Dickens uses a series of synonyms to emphasize that Scrooge wants money, ‘a squeezing, wrenching, grasping and clutching’ person. These synonyms demonstrate how selfish Scrooge is and what he would do to get money. Dickens is saying rain and snow can pour down handsomely but scrooge handsomely pours down money this shows rain can have a positive effect but scrooge has none.
When Scrooge’s nephew first appears Dickens uses the opposite metaphor of cold ‘he was all in a glow’ this shows Scrooge’s nephew has a good heart. The nephew is Scrooge’s only living relative and Dickens is suggesting Scrooge can change to be like his nephew. The audience realizes that Scrooge’s nephew has a good heart and Scrooge has the potential to be the same. Dickens is hinting something to come later.
Two other business men come to visit Scrooge to collect charity money off Scrooge, but they are not collecting to give Christmas presents they are collecting for common necessities. When Scrooge tells the two gentlemen he does not want to give any money the two business men suggest Scrooge wants to remain ‘anonymous’ but Scrooge replies ‘are they no prisons ‘or...

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