The E Government Of China Essay

1100 words - 4 pages

The international community has already begun the application of the e-government system especially in some of the world's most respected institutions and has supported this concept. The United Nations has already issued their position on the idea of e-government as seen in the Human Development Report of 2001, stating that the institution will try its best to create technologies that would help in human development. The report has argued that using the ICT would enable the United Nations to establish the importance of having technology work hand in hand with development. The World Bank has also used the concept of E-Government in their own website and months after, they released a handbook entitled "The E-Government Handbook for Developing Countries" in November 2002. After a year, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development met up in Geneva and Tunis in 2003 and 2005 respectively and discussed how they could use the ICT in the system. Other developed countries such as the United States and the United Kingdom have already applied the e-government program in their own governments while others followed suit. (Holliday & Yep, 2005)
The E-government’s capacity to introduce a transparent government has also been a speculative debate amongst experts given that countries have a different perception and definition to e-government and how exactly this is enacted in each country. Hood (2007) notes that transparency is not really defined well but it is often invoked and applied in public management; stating that it is a government that is clearly without any shade of corruption and mismanagement. Transparency can be identified into four different variants, each determining how it is applied. The first variant, open mutual scrutiny, defines total institutions which is observable by anyone and transparency is seen directly by those who observe. The second variant, general surveillance concentrates watching institutions or groups in all aspects through the use of cameras or bugs but not all could do this as certain information is hidden to the public and processed by experts observing. Public forums expound on ways how the people could observe and check the leaders and finally, bureaucratic transparency pertains to how politicians or business groups are observed through a variety of indirect means. Out of these four variants of transparency, the fourth variant is considered to be the transparency applied to governance. This particular variant is bureaucratic and indirect which also fits the concept of e-government. To protect the rights of the government and the individuals who would use the system, data protection and internet policies have been a noted solution to the problem. (Hood, 2007)
The influence of e-government has also reached the Eastern part of the globe and it has sparked the interest of one of its newly rising power. Upon the dawn of the early 1990s, China has slowly developed itself as one of the most influential Asian nations in...

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