The Early History Of Moscow Essay

2793 words - 12 pages

The early history is not entirely clear on when Moscow was first civilized. Although, there are many archaeological finds that support theories of people settling there in the Stone Age. These theories are supported by ideas that these people did not wander for food but rather setup a hunting territory. However, in the early 8-9-th century B.C, Moscow was settled by the D’yakovo culture (Kirchner 3-4). This culture was very skilled in their iron work and continued to adapt and advance their skills as time went by. Around the 6-7-th century A.D period there was a crisis for the D’yakovo as their culture completely vanished, with reasons unknown. No culture came to replace them until ...view middle of the document...

Although this may seem impressive but Moscow, just like most of Russia, is plagued with corruption and scandal that prevents big businesses from blooming. Nevertheless, Moscow is ranked number one by Forbes magazine as the city with most billionaires - thirty three to be exact - just beating New York City by two (Wikipedia). Moscow is considered one of the world’s most thriving cities, but how was this city able to rise to power?Moscow started out as a farming community for early settler but ended up growing to a centralized state for all of Russia. Even though, there were many other rival cities throughout Russia that challenged Moscow. However, how was Moscow able to succeed and become the central state for Russia? There are five arguments to successfully answer this question. Moscow’s geographical location in fact helped out its succession and from its geography, Moscow’s economy was flourishing. Moscow also benefited from having support of the church. The most important reason that Moscow thrived was from expansion as well as the role of the Princes and their conquest of rival principalities.The first factor that led to Moscow’s succession was its geographical location. Throughout time a prosperous location was essential for a civilization to develop as well as survive. One of the main essentials for a civilization was to have a continuous water source. The reason why it was important to have a continuous water source was because it gave you the basic ingredients for survival. These basic essentials for survival include water for crops, which will help make the soil richer which leads to healthy crops, fish, quick voyages and most importantly, drinking water. Fortunately for Moscow, it was located near four major rivers: the Oka, the Volga, the Don, and the Dnieper (Riasanovsky 66). These rivers are extremely long which assisted in Moscow’s expansion for new territory. The Don is almost 1100 miles long and the Dnieper is almost 1300 miles (Miliukov 55). Because these rivers are so long, they rarely freeze in the winter and thus provided a continuous source of water, food and travel even through Russia’s harsh winters. It was because of these reasons that the Slavs were able to burgeon from the rivers. Moscow also had an advantage in that there were no obstacles in the way of its expansion. Unlike Kiev, which was chiefly tundra, Moscow was primarily surrounded by broken up forest (49). There are two important arguments when looking at Moscow’s surroundings. The first is that the surroundings provided Moscow’s civilization with many vital supplies. From the forests that people were able to gather wood from which assisted them in building houses for themselves. Furthermore, since there were no mountains or other natural obstacles in the way, it allowed for easy expansion through their agriculture. Farmers were able to grow crops on a vast area of land that provided Moscow with a larger territory.In...

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