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The Earthquake In Chile Essay

956 words - 4 pages

1
Das Erdbeben in Chili
Cutremurul din Chile este o nuvela scrisa de Heinrich von Kleist intre anii 1805-1806
si publicata in anul 1807. Este una din cele mai scurte - si sălbatice - povestiri scrise de Kleist.
Începe cu o catastrofa naturala, un cutremur, si se termina cu o catastrofa creata de om: un
masacru într-o catedrala.
Nuvela conține puține date specifice privind locația; acțiunea se petrece in Chile, dar
ceea ce ne oferă autorul este un model de societate europeana, una care funcționează ca un
studiu de caz in explorarea comportamentului negociator al oamenilor, care simt nevoia sa
găsească un motiv pentru catastrofa care i-a lovit. Jeronimo Rugera, profesor într-o casa de
nobili, are o aventura cu Josefa, fiica familiei. Aceasta este trimisa la mănăstire, unde da naștere
unui băiețel, Filip. Comunitatea este scandalizata. Amândoi, Jeronimo si Josefa sunt
condamnați la moarte. Chiar in momentul in care Josefa este dusa la locul execuției, iar
Jeronimo este pe punctul de a se spânzura de disperare in închisoare, ii lovește cutremurul. In
confuzia si haosul care urmează, cei doi îndrăgostiți si copilul lor sunt salvați. Împreuna cu cei
mai mulți dintre supraviețuitori, ei se ascund într-o vale in afara orașului, unde se desfășoară o
scena aproape paradisiaca. In ziua următoare are loc o slujba la catedrala. Jeronimo, Josefa si
copilul lor, Filip, merg la slujba împreună cu Don Fernando, un om curajos si cu principii care
are si el un copil. In catedrala se tine o predica despre cutremur, interpretându-l ca pe o pedeapsa
trimisa de Dumnezeu asupra oamenilor pentru imoralitatea de care au dat dovada. Observați de
comunitate, cei doi îndrăgostiți sunt omorâți împreună cu băiețelul lui Don Fernando, crezându-
se ca era copilul lor, Filip, deoarece Josefa îl ținea in brațe. Filip supraviețuiește, fiind lăsat in
grija lui Don Fernando.
Tema centrala pe care nuvela o pune in discuție este atât procesul de interpretare prin
care supraviețuitorii cutremurului simt o disperata nevoie de a conferi o însemnătate
cataclismului care i-a lovit si căruia i-au supraviețuit, cat si consecințele acestei interpretări.
Naratorul ne obliga in repetate rânduri sa observam faptul ca societatea, cultura, instituțiile,
oamenii, au tendința de a-si proiecta propriile valori si credințe asupra divinității. Execuția
iminenta a Josefei este văzută de comunitate ca un spectacol susținut cu scopul răzbunării
divinității. Jeronimo la rândul lui se închină pentru a-i mulțumi lui Dumnezeu pentru
miraculoasa salvare, imediat ce...

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