The Easter Island Located Near Chile

632 words - 3 pages

Easter Island is a Polynesian island that covers roughly 64 square miles in the southeastern Pacific Ocean, and it is located near Chile’s west coast and east of Tahiti. Easter Island is famous for its giant stone statues, or moai, that were carved from basalt, obsidian, red scoria, and tuff during 1100-1680 CE (Beck, J. Warren 2003).

When Polynesians, who settled the island first, brought bananas, taro, sweet potatoes, sugar crane, chickens, rats, and other plants and animals. Although Easter Island is an isolated island, fish accounted for less than a quarter of their diet. This situation is due to the geographic location of the Easter Island. The Easter Island is far from the equator, and the temperature of water is not conductive to the survival of the coral and fish, and most of the surroundings of the island are cliffs, hence fishing on its shores is really hard. Also, it is believed that there were high ...view middle of the document...

These statues were related to islanders’ religious and ritual practices. There was rivalry between clans based on which clan could sculpt and transport largest statue to their territory. The moai were carved in the walls of the crater, with its back is attached to the ground by a thin keel that was only chipped away when the carving was complete. The statue had ti be removed from the keel when the front of the statue was finished. The islanders used rope to tie the statue to tree trunks to slid the statue down the slope. The pollen records show that islanders began harvesting trees around 800 AD. Since the population was increasing continuously, islanders cut down more and more trees to build boats and tools for dolphins hunting and build statues. Woods were used to build massive sleds and wooden skids to hold the statues; and the fibrous tree bark was used to make ropes that can be pulled by 50-500 people. A large now extinct palm, Paschalococos related to Chilean wine palm. According to fossil evidence, Paschalococos was a dominant tree species in the island. However, this species, whose only occurrence was at the Easter Island, became extinct because of the deforestation caused by some of the early settlers (Hogan 2008).

Dramatic changes in the environment of Easter Island led tremendous impact to the inhabitants of the island. All terrestrial island bird and half of the seabirds were extinct due to human predation. Shellfish also experienced a significant reduction due to overfishing. Deforestation led to no wood to replace harpoons or repair canoes, therefore, islanders were unable to fish to maintain dolphin in their diet. Rapa Nui people became peasant and dependent on crops. However, the deforestation also had caused erosion and salinization of the land, as a result, there was a progressive decline in crop yields. Captain Cook in 1774 described inhabitants of the Easter Island as “small, lean, timid, and miserable” (Diamond 2005). With the depletion of the resources of the island, there was not enough food to feed the community’s remaining priests and nobles of the ruling class, the original complex social structure collapsed.

Find Another Essay On The Easter Island Located Near Chile

Outline the developments in the easter island uprising

1669 words - 7 pages On Easter Monday, April 24, 1916, a force of Irishmen attempted to seize Dublin, with the ultimate intention of eliminating British rule and creating a completely independent Ireland. Their leaders, such as Patrick Pearse and James Connolly, knew that they were destined to die, but saw the importance of independence, thus the rebellion was inevitable. In the eyes of many the rebellion was a complete failure, with the loss of lives and damage of

Chile Essay

1191 words - 5 pages is wide. It is only about 227 miles east to west at its widest point. Chile has a small piece of antarctica and some Pacific islands including Easter Island. The total area of Chile is 292,258 square miles. About 70% of the land is mountainous because of the mountain chain , the Andes, that runs through it. The countries that border Chile are Peru, Bolivia, and Argentina. The capital and largest city in Chile is Santiago, with a

Chile: The Land Where the Earth Ends

1692 words - 7 pages Quasimodo Festivities are celebrated in rural parts dating back to Colonial times the first Sunday after Easter. A vast majority of Chileans are Roman Catholic, 70%, but there is still some diversity in religion. Other religions practiced in this country include: Protestants, Evangelicals, and Jehovah’s Witnesses. 17,067,369 people and counting live in Chile, mostly in cramped cities near coast line. The population growth rate is .88% and ethnic

Description and Analysis of Easter Island

2778 words - 12 pages under 27 ° 0930 "w. W. 2B14 and 109 ° 's . etc. Rapa Nui is an extreme outpost in the east of the Polynesians from the nearest island to the west - Pitcairn Islands Rapa Nui separated 1,800 kilometers from Mangareva Islands - 2600 km, and from the Pacific coast of Chile - 3600 km. In fact Easter Island - one of the smallest inhabited islands of our planet - its area 166 km2. For example, in the territory of modern Moscow would fit five

Book Review

632 words - 3 pages that named because it was discover on Easter Day, it was discovered by Dutch Commander Jacob Roggeveen. However, this western contact with the Rapanui wasn’t so great, as the westerns begin to rape their women, and took them as their slaves. Then many years Chile colonize Easter Island and later it declares it a province. More impressively as stated by Reis, archeologist and scientists from around the world even NASA became interested in this


608 words - 2 pages experience a camel ride and explore this enthralling city.Your final destination will be the tropical Easter Island. Located off the coast of Chile, this gorgeous island is world renowned for its petroglyphs called Moias. These gigantic stone statues are sure to amaze everyone. You will also be exploring the beautiful caves on Easter Island. Perhaps one of the most interesting parts of this leg of the trip will be seeing the Rongo Rongo tablets. These

Chilean Economy

1925 words - 8 pages vineyards and farms. And to the south of Santiago the Lake District is located, where indigenous people, the Araucanians, make their homeland. Apart from the country, Chile also own provinces outside of the continent. Easter Island, also known as Rapa Nui, is famous for its monumental statues called Moai.(appendix) This island was named a World Heritage Site with much of the island being protected. Another province outside of the country is the

Easter Island

2101 words - 8 pages The Rapa Nui culture of Easter Island may be the most enigmatic and unexplained historical topic ever studied. This advanced society is probably best known for its monolithic statues, which were called Moai by the natives. Despite the culture?s peaceful and artistic beginning, it soon experienced a near collapse. Although there are many theories explaining the downfall of Easter Island culture, scientific evidence has shown that the islanders

Urban Geography: Chile

1996 words - 8 pages Chilean Landscape Chile is located along the southwestern coast of South America and has the Andes Mountains on one side and the Pacific Ocean on the other. The landscape in Chile offers diversity from deserts, forests, rivers, glaciers and valleys. Chile has three different climate zones and they experience a variety of seasons to support their primary sector of agriculture and produce variety of fruits including grapes to manufacture wine

Easter Island

546 words - 2 pages Easter Island is one of the most unusual places on the planet. It is one of the most isolated places occupied by humans. In 'A Green History of the World' Clive Ponting notes, “Easter Island is one of the most remote, inhabited places on earth. Only some 150 square miles in area, it lies in the Pacific Ocean, 2,000 miles off the west coast of South America and 1,250 miles from the nearest inhabitable land of Pitcairn Island.” (Ponting

Easter Island

609 words - 2 pages Easter Island was once a haven for its inhabitants. It provided them with all of their needs, food, shelter, tools, and even the ability to create great works of art. They abused this Eden, and turned it into a disaster, with almost no natural resources. This could very well happen to us, because our earth is the same Eden that Easter Island once was.      The people of Easter Island came over to their new land, and

Similar Essays

The People Of Easter Island Essay

740 words - 3 pages When I first picked this book up looking at the comic style cartoon on the cover my initial thought was that it was just another children’s introduction to problems in the environment type book, but as I began to read it this book is turning out to be much more than that. Chapter one begins with the mystery of the statues on Easter Island where the few inhabitants lived a meager existence on the scarce resources that they had available. The

The Three Mile Island Near Disaster

2313 words - 9 pages Pennsylvania. In fact, the town was named Middletown. It was here on March 28, 1979, that an event that would scare the people of Pennsylvania and even the rest of the country would begin. It was very warm in the Unit 2 reactor building of Three Mile Island: close to 100 degrees. But this was normal for a nuclear reactor. They are almost always a hot, humid, and steamy place to be. They are also loud. Pipes bang and shutter with the pressure of

Easter Island And The Environment: A Warning To The World

918 words - 4 pages Easter Island and the Environment: A Warning to the World The progression of human development has come with its costs. The environment provides an array of resources available for use or appreciation. However, changing elements of this structure such as by removing trees can bring about unintended consequences. These alterations also can cause problems that cannot be fixed by the human population and as a result the population must cope

Easter Island Essay About The Factors That Contibuted To Its Decline Khhs Ancient History Report

1657 words - 7 pages Question: How did the construction of the Moai and other factors contribute to the societal and cultural collapse of Easter Island and the Rapa Nui people? The construction of the Moai (Easter island heads), unsustainable use of their environment, the capture and enslavement of large portions of the population and disease led to the collapse of Easter Islands society and culture. Easter Island was once inhabited by thousands of Polynesian