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The Economic Effect Of Child Labor In Developing Countries

889 words - 4 pages

Nowadays, child labour is one of the most important problems in some countries and this problem tends to spread around the word day by day. Some researches indicate there are approximately 246 million children around the world whose ages are between 5 and 17 have to work in job. In addition, nearly 70% or 171 million children are likely to work in harmful conditions. Working in mines with chemicals or pesticides in agriculture are only two examples for hazardous works for children (UNICEF, 2006, p.37). Children workers main purpose is providing money or food for their family, because their families are mostly live in low economical conditions. Although they help their family to survive their life, there are some results of children labour. Poor health, lack of education and exploitation are three main results of child labour.

Firstly, poor health is one of the significant results of child labour, because infant workers mostly work in damaging conditions. Some companies cannot find employers for their dangerous works, so they mostly choose children who live in poverty as worker. The reason why they choose children is, employers know their hard life conditions and they want to benefit from their poorness. To illustrate, in the Philippines families survive by working in vegetable farming. However, mostly children are chosen to works which have very bad conditions. Skin irritation and fatigue, and pain from sitting for long hours are result of farming, because children are usually forced to work in peeling, cutting, grading of agricultural products (ILO, 2002, p.23). Due to have some health problems in young ages children cannot work efficiently in the rest of their life. Another example for damaging working area, which can cause health problems, is fishing. Again, in Philippines, children are used in traditional fishing sector. Children are encouraged as swimmers and they dive into the sea to catching reef fish, which is extremely risky (ILO, 2002, p.26). Eventually, most of labour children generally survive their life with poor health and they cannot work full of capacity.

Second major consequence of child labour is lack of education, because most of these children must spend their time working in a job instead of going to school. Education is one of the basic needs of children because education shapes their future. However, some families live in poverty and they cannot afford enough money to their children for their education. For instance, in Asia and Pacific region a lot of children work in a job, but only 10 percent of them has a chance to go to school ...

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