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The Economics Behind Drug Trafficking And Cartels In Mexico: A Study Of The Cartel’s Influence On Mexico And The Expansion To West Africa

3667 words - 15 pages

Imagine living everyday of your life in constant fear. You wake up never knowing for sure what terrible acts of violence and injustice you will encounter, how many people you personally know will die – or if you yourself will die. Imagine that there is no escaping this fear, no one to say everything is going to be alright, and worst of all, no hope. This is the common life of many citizens who live in Mexico, specifically in areas where drug cartels are present.
The war against drug trafficking is an ever-present problem, and is seemingly always growing more violent as the cartel’s and gangs power. Drugs are obviously not a constructive product, and countries such as Mexico are suffering in terms of image, prosperity, safety and politics due to their abundance of drug related problems. Drugs have caused a staggering and horrific amount of deaths through violence between the rival drug cartels, as well as governmental involvement through the military. The number of deaths is so appallingly high, which shows how highly motivated these cartels are, and motivated to receive the enormous sums of money that comes from trafficking and selling drugs. They have become extremely powerful, and are now looking for ways to expand their business further, as any well-ran and successful organization will do. One area of expansion is in western Africa, where they have found a new location to bring their drug business closer to the wealth and abundant drug users of Europe. A report from 2009 states that “at least nine top-tier Latin American drug cartels have established bases in 11 West African nations.” (Brice) West Africa however has found the recent increase in attention and importance from drug trafficking beneficial in some ways that I will explore. The United States and the rest of the drug trafficking-involved world are facing a problem that will not disappear easily, and fighting does not always seem to be the answer, as the world has seen with the persistent level of death totals in Mexico hardly changing. This case study will examine the economics behind drug cartels in Mexico, as well as West Africa. This study will also attempt to look for reason why drug trafficking and the subsequent violence is so prevalent in certain places, while also trying to find solutions to abate the power of the cartels and drug lords, and work towards eliminating the morbid amounts of violence and corruption seen both in Mexico and western Africa.
Mexico’s Cartels & Their Power
The almighty and powerful force behind the drug trafficking business is drug cartels. There are many different rival cartels in Mexico, and they collectively are the source of much of the violence that takes place in the country. The cartels are very smart, and very dangerous. They will do almost anything to make sure that their business of transporting illegal drugs does not go interrupted. The cartels have been known to use live dogs and young kids as unknowing drug carriers. They have no...

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