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The Economics Of The African Slave Trade

3345 words - 13 pages

The first stage of the triangular trade involved taking manufactured goods from Europe like cloth, metal goods, tobacco, guns, beads, and cowry shells. Locals in Africa did not have the technology to manufacture the goods brought in from Europe. These metals and manufactured goods were of great value to the indigenous tribes of the Gold Coast. The tribesman felt that they could establish dominance and impose their own agenda if allied with Europeans. The guns were used by Africans to capture more slaves and to expand already large empires into dominant powers like those of Songhai, Mali, and Ghana. The guns were brought in from Europe by the Europeans so that Africans could hunt and kill their own people. Europeans rarely conducted slave raids themselves and instead had a certain tribe do it for them. This is how Europe will completely rape Africa. Europe stopped trading guns to Africa after the Africans began using the guns against the Europeans. The gun trade, which was non-existent before the slave trade, is the arguably the main reason for the corruption and treason that take place in Africa today . Those goods were exchanged for slaves. The second stage was known as the middle passage which the shipping of slaves to the Americas. The middle passage was the gruesome stage at which Africans began to truly realize the fate that lay ahead for them. They were exposed to even harsher conditions than they previously had in the factory dungeons of the coast, or even of the march to the sea. The third and final stage was of course the return to Europe with the produce of the slave labor plantations: cotton, rum, tobacco, sugar, molasses.During the tenth and eleventh centuries African empires endured a prosperous era filled rich trade and agriculture. Ghana was the first West African nation established in 800 through tribal unity and gold supply. Ghana sat at the cross-roads of which trade was conducted in Africa. North Africans Moors who wished to trade for gold first traveled to Ghana, and the jobbers of that country would lead them with their salt and other merchandise to the river banks of the gold country. The traders were exceptionally clever in utilizing the silent trade, because that avoided confrontation and ultimately conflict. Ghana was benefiting greatly from taxation of these traders and the traders were not upset because they too prospered. Merchants from all directions traveled to the markets of Kumbi bringing in an extensive variety of goods. The gold mines of Wangara produced so much gold for the region that the king of Ghana ordered a decree that all gold nuggets belong to the empire so that the gold would overwhelm the markets and lose its value. Ghana did not place emphasis on its religion because the people of the land were more interested in conducting business and increasing their wealth rather than spread their agendas of religion and politics. Ghana allowed other religions such as Islam to be spread throughout the kingdom. The...

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