This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Education Of Odysseus In Books 9 12

3196 words - 13 pages

    Books 9-12 are a tale of a journey in which the protagonist does not remain the same throughout. He changes due to the places he has been, people he has met and things he has done. These four books are almost entirely spoken by Odysseus and thus we are able to receive a first hand report.


            At the start his wanderings, Odysseus leaves Troy with his Ithacan fleet and in a short time they come to Ismarus, the city of the Cicones. Odysseus states simply that he "sacked this place" and there they took "vast plunder". Here we see the hero of the Iliad doing what a hero does. At the end of this book, Odysseus declares his identity to Polyphemus, in which he describes himself as a "sacker of cities". This is because he is only a short time into his travels and only recently he has sacked Troy and Ismarus. However, when Odysseus tells the Phaeacians who he is, he attributes his 'kleos' (everlasting fame on the lips of men) to his "stratagems". In Book 8, Odysseus asked the bard Demodocus to sing of "the stratagem of the Wooden Horse", which he considers to be his most memorable and greatest feat - not the sacking of the city but the inventiveness of his idea. This is because, in Scherie and at the near end of his journey, Odysseus has just come through his adventures and he now considers his 'metis' (cunning) to be his greatest quality, and he also has not fought anyone for a long time.


            It is also at Ismarus that we see Odysseus' first conflict with his men, as he is unable to convince his men to leave ("my fools"). Thus we also see the first superficial contradiction by Homer of Odysseus as a Greek hero. When we define a Greek hero we would expect certain qualities to apparent. A hero would be a good speaker, leader of men, fighter, strong, talk with and/or protected by the gods (i.e. separated from ordinary mortals, excellent, 'aristos'), concerned about kleos, have high principles, and usually an early death is in store for them. However, though these may have been the definitions of an Iliadic hero like Achilles, these qualities are not all attributed to heroism in the Odyssey. Indeed in the Iliad, Odysseus was renowned for his frequent arguments with Achilles due to their different natures.


            Odysseus does not seem to be able to control his men. This is shown time and again as he argues with them. Here at Ismarus is an example, and then he has to force some onto the boat at the land of the Lotus-Eaters. In the cave of Polyphemus, Odysseus ignores his men's sound advice to leave. After Aeolia, it is the mistrusting crewmembers that open Aeolus' bag and cause disaster. At the Laestrygonian land, Odysseus lands away from the rest of his men and makes no attempt to save their lives, fleeing for safety. On Aeaea, Odysseus even contemplates "lopping" Eurylochus's "head off". The worse conflict between Odysseus and his men eventually comes off the shores of Thrinacie, when Odysseus is...

Find Another Essay On The Education of Odysseus in Books 9-12

The Traits of Odysseus Essay

1103 words - 4 pages In Homer’s The Odyssey, there are a lot of traits displayed that are considered important in ancient Greek culture. These are shown by many different characters, but mostly by Odysseus (he is, after all, the main character in the epic poem). Odysseus is the epitome of a Greek ruler: he has a lot of admirable traits. His only fault is his hubris, but that is overcome and taken care of. Throughout Homer’s The Odyssey, Odysseus displays wisdom

The Character Of Odysseus Essay

1502 words - 7 pages The main character in this novel, Odysseus has many great traits and without them, he would never have been able to see his family after a long journey that took almost 20 years. Some of the traits that Odysseus shows that he has throughout the book many times are loyalty, craftiness and intelligence. Being loyal is what keeps him going, and his craftiness and intelligence are what keeps him alive in some points and in others, just lets him

The Bow of Odysseus

2454 words - 10 pages between Odysseus and the bows and the heroes of the Greek mythic past, and between Odysseus and the kleos he would reclaim with it. Odysseus' bow both symbolically secures his rightful place in the pantheon of Greek mythic heroes, and ensures that bards would sing of him in that place for centuries to come.It's clear that Odysseus' bow is not a weapon of war. First of all, Odysseus chooses not to bring it with him to Troy; rather, he locks it away

The World of Odysseus

3005 words - 12 pages The World of Odysseus was written by Sir Moses I. Finley, and it is an in depth analysis of the Iliad and the Odyssey. The period in history that helped to produce these two phenomenal works is veiled with uncertainty due to the fact that an actual written history doesn't exist. Homer put his history of the period together from the traditional custom of oral poetic story telling that originated from the late Dark Age and early Archaic Period

The Banning of Books in American Schools

1490 words - 6 pages Countries worldwide actively call for the banning of books that are found to be politically inconvenient, religiously awkward, or embarrassing in one form or another. But for writers like Russia's Vasily Grossman, a book's ban means far more than just a dip in sales. In 1961, he pleaded with the Soviet censors, "I am physically free, but the book to which I have dedicated my life is in jail." (Merkelson). A book represents an idea, thus limiting

What is the real purpose of education? Are we in it simply for the purpose of learning? Essay suggests that there is more to an education than books

782 words - 3 pages "School Teaches Us More Than Just Words"As a child, I remember my mother telling me to make sure I succeed in school so that when I grow up I can be somebody. I told her I wanted to be a doctor and that I would do my best and make her proud. In reality, what was the purpose of this education that I would receive in my future years? Education is there to make us all well-rounded and not just educated individuals. The whole purpose of education is

"The Education of Little Tree": Chapter Summary 9

581 words - 2 pages moonshine. Granpa and Little Tree would carry the whiskey back and sell it to the General Store, to Mr. Jenkins to be exact, for 2 dollars a gallon which was good money. They sold 9 gallons each time and kept 2 for themselves. Little Tree had a special job of cleaning the barrels out which he did quickly because they were hot.When Granpa and Little Tree were at the still, and Granma saw someone coming, she would release the dogs as a warning. Granpa

9. What changes took place in the form, role, nature and availability of education in early-modern England?

2088 words - 8 pages change the current face of education. A more practical and beneficial curricula for future students would be produced for the betterment of society. John Colet went on to establish St Paul's Grammar school in 1509; it became a model of future grammar schools in the next century and beyond.Other great scholars such as John Brinsley discussed in his books at lengths, the methods and results of such an education, (O'Day, 1982: 48) "If children did not

The Amazing Leadership of Odysseus in Homer's The Odyssey

825 words - 3 pages tough, the tough gets going and that’s exactly what Odysseus did when the Trojan War started. On the journey back Odysseus shows how much courage he really has.” Only the ghost of Great Ajax, son of Telamon, kept his distance, blazing with anger at me still for the victory that I had one by the ships that time I pressed my claim for the arms of prince Achilles.” – (P. 267, L. 620) In this segment Odysseus just beat the ghost Ajax for Achillies armor

Traits of the Hero Odysseus in the Odyssey by Homer

1151 words - 5 pages is an Epic poem written by Homer, a greek poet who lived in the eighteen hundred to the seventeen hundred BC. The Odyssey is the story of a hero named Odysseus, who is in a struggle to return home to his Kingdom Ithaca and his family (his wife Penelope and his son Telemachus). While on his way home, he feels it is necessary to see his future by Tiresias, a fortune telling prophet of Thebes. Sadly through the prophet’s telling, Odysseus is warned

Odysseus as Pawn of the Gods in Homer's Odyssey

1661 words - 7 pages Odysseus as Pawn of the Gods in The Odyssey    Throughout literature characters have relied upon entities greater then themselves to furnish them with aid as they meet the many challenges they must face. The Odyssey is a tale of Odysseus’ epic journey and the many obstacles that bar his return home. But Odysseus is not alone in this struggle and receives aid from many gods, especially the clear-eyed goddess Athena. There are times when

Similar Essays

Character Analysis Of Odysseus In The Odysseus By Homer

662 words - 3 pages Who was Odysseus? Odysseus was the main character in a story titled The Odyssey; which was written by Homer. In the story, Odysseus is trying to sail back to his home on Ithaca, but on the way home, he encounters a little trouble! Throughout the story he portrays bravery, intelligence, and stays loyal to his crew. Odysseus was brave. He came upon an island of Cyclopes, one-eyed monsters and entered their cave. Despite his crew, who wanted to

K 12 Education In The United States

1426 words - 6 pages , C. (2011). Optimizing student learning a lean system Approach to improving k-12 education. Quality Progress 44(9): 58-68. Hungerford, L., & Wassmer, W. (2004). K-12 Education in the U.S. Economy. Its impact on Economic Development, earnings and housing values. National Education Association. 1(3): 1-58. Jay, P. (2007). Introduction to the special issue on the single best idea for improving k-12 education. Journal of Education 82(4): 549-550

The Heroism Of Odysseus Essay

2412 words - 10 pages crew members and their well-being. By remembering them, and requesting that they be turned back into men; he puts the safety of his crew before his thoughts. Another way he shows loyalty to his responsibilities is finding Elepenor’s spirit in the underworld and going back to Aiaia in order to fulfill his dead soldier’s last request: “When the young…him” (Book XII, 9-19). By doing this Odysseus shows that he is being loyal to his moral, because by

The Shadow Of Odysseus Essay

846 words - 4 pages Odysseus is seen as a strong, brave and godlike character in many aspects; however, most people only see the outside glory of his image and fail to notice the shadow lurking in the depth of a mind that is mentally weak and diseased. Although cunning, Odysseus’s excess of hubris destroys him and his men throughout the journey home. It can be clearly seen that Odysseus is overconfident in his abilities and intelligence, thus leading to his