The educational software as a motivational tool in English Language Teaching.
Time has gone by and the teaching of foreign languages has developed, specially in English Language Teaching. Among the most significant advances one may find: the determination of the professors of trusting on their own resources, the right to choose their cross point between the theory and the practice and to look for pedagogical solutions to the problems. One issue that is still subject of discussion is that of motivation.
English has become an indispensable instrument of communication in the entire world, taking place a proliferation of methods and teaching texts; from the one designed in 1580 called The English Schoolmaster to teach to the French community in London, until the Spectrum (Costinett, 1994) defined and used 400 years later as a communicative English course and many others. The theory and the practice of its teaching, as well as the methods and means used have advanced significantly. This improvement has arrived to the use of the cutting-edge technology. This refers to the use of technical means in the teaching, conceived nowadays as one of the tendencies of the moment. This is developing at a very high speed and at the same time, science and technology.
Educational Technology that is one of the names that has been given to this tendency (Januszewski, 2008), has acquired a remarkable diffusion in our days, for the emphasis in its immediate advantages and a highly technical and assertive language, its focus is more on the methods and means more than to the contents. Their origins can be in the programmed teaching to improve the efficiency of the educational process whose creation could be attributed to Burrhus Frederick Skinner (Skinner, 1968). His works were based on the conductive tendency that served as base for the programmed teaching that has as an antecedent the teaching machines.
The 1st reference to teaching machines, was made by Pressey in 1926 (Pressey, 1926) and he defined it as: Technical resource, method or system for teaching. It can be applied by means of didactic machines, but also by means of books, records and even oral communication. It is a technical device, apart from the Educational Technology that exposes the norms or techniques for the application of didactic programs.
This essay presents an analysis of the possibilities of the use of educational software as a motivational tool as well as discuss its advantages and disadvantages in the teaching of English.
It could be argued that with the use of technology the role of the teacher is reduced to the elaboration of the program while the student acquires a predominant role, since he self-instructs, self-programs and receives an individualized learning in agreement with his/her rhythm of assimilation (Vygotsky, 1987), (Wood, 1996). Although this non-collaborative, in some cases, character may look not beneficial, this...