Taking tests in the academic environment has been the mainstay for evaluating student’s comprehension and mastery of concepts learned. Although this can reflect an accurate depiction of their retained knowledge, many factors may affect the recollection of tested material. Students of all ages can experience a certain level of stress when entering the testing environment, which may have a negative impact on their ability to recall information. This stress may reflect an inaccuracy of what they recalled. Countless factors have been shown to impact test taking ability including environmental noise or lack thereof, anxiety, and self-confidence. These factors affect the students’ ability to concentrate and recall learned information leading to poor test scores. This often results in the necessity to repeat courses, grade levels, decreasing further self-confidence, and social stigma.
Utilizing background music has long been studied as a factor to calm the mind and improve performance within the testing environment. Yahaya (2008) proposed the existence of a link between a students’ improvement in reasoning and visualization in the presence of background music. He stated the brain develops from stimulation of their senses by music. It has been suggested that classical music, due to its soothing tones and slow-tempo, results in relaxation and increased ability to focus on a given task. Utilizing music in the testing environment may result in a more accurate reflection of cognitive ability and enhanced performance on testing results (Saunderson, 2013). This study will focus on the potential benefit of classical background music upon a students’ ability to perform multidisciplinary reasoning.
Quantitative Research Question
What is the affect of playing classical background music on a students’ ability to perform a multidisciplinary reasoning test?
Ho: Null hypothesis: Playing background classical music will have no impact on multidisciplinary reasoning test scores related to those testing without classical background music.
HA: Alternative hypotheses: Playing classical background music will improve multidisciplinary reasoning test scores related to those testing without background classical music.
Definition of Terms
For the purpose of this study the following terms are defined.
Background Music. Music playing in the background at the same time as an individual’s attention is involved with a specific task. Still need to reference
Capacity Model. Maintains that a limited pool of resources must be distributed over cognitive processes at any given moment. Still need to reference
Classical Music. Serious or conventional music following long-established principles rather than a folk, jazz, or popular tradition.
Cognitive Performance. Refers to processes such as memory, attention, perception, action, problem solving and mental imagery capacity. Still need to reference
Multidisciplinary Reasoning. Combining or...