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The Effect Of Daycare On The Parent Child Relationship

2116 words - 9 pages

The parent-child relationship is crucial for both parties. Daycare centers are believed to often interfere with this vital relationship. The exploration the effects of daycare on the parent-child relationship is a well researched subject. This topic is anthropologically interesting because the primary caregivers of children are now often professional centers rather than family as they had been historically. This recent dimension of childhood care adds an interesting element to familial bonds and their strength, or lack of. Professional daycare centers are also a very debated and researched topic. Research on daycare centers have found positive and negative aspects, including the parent-child relationship. Generally, the influences of daycare are trumped by the effects of parenting. Will this still be the case with daycare centers gaining ground even becoming available in some places 24 hours?
Historically, children have been cared for and raised by family, either parents or extended family. More recently because of growing economic and social pressure, both parents have been entering the work force. This puts the job of childcare onto extended family or professional caregivers. The increase in professional child caregivers has raised questions in child development. One of these questions is about the parent child relationship. The parent-child relationship is historically the most influential in child’s life. Not all parent-child relationships are strong nor positive, but they still remain the most influential in a child’s life. There are four different types of attachment relationships that Purdue University has identified in their research of parent child relationships. The first type of relationship is the secure relationship, which is the strongest of the attachments. In this relationship, the child knows there is someone present when they need support. Adults build this relationship by being consistent when they respond to a child’s needs. The second type of relationship is the avoidant relationships, which is not a secure relationship. In this relationship, children have learned that depending on their parents will not give them the secure feeling they desire. Children in these relationships to try to care for themselves and they often have behavioral issues. Another aspect of avoidant children is that they not bond well with childcare providers. Parents in these relationships often may not realize their child’s needs. This is why parents do not consistently met their child’s needs, not because they want to ignore their child. Ambivalent relationships are another insecure relationship. These children have learned that sometimes they get what they need and other times their needs are unmet. They often exhibit undesirable behavior to get their parents’ attention. Inconsistent responses from parents create this relationship. Disorganized relationships are the final type of attachment relationship. Disorganized children do not know...

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