The Effect Of Poverty Essay

1039 words - 5 pages

“Poverty is like a punishment for a crime that you didn’t commit” (Ella Kamarow). Living in poverty can increase the risk of a child developing serious health problems, developmental delays, and behaviour disorders. Poverty is a persistent problem throughout the world effecting many of the country’s economy. Poverty has major effects on development and limits the choices that families have to offer to their children and to the society. However, this paper will examine the effects of poverty on child development and their families through the use of the family system theory and the ecological theory.
Childhood poverty has been the main focus during recent studies, due to its ...view middle of the document...

Also, due to poverty families become emotional distress (e.g. depression) and family dysfunction occurs. Due to family stress levels there is a lack of behaviour control, lack of worth and support being provided to the children. “McLoyd (1990) states that economic hardship experienced by lower-class families is associated with anxiety, depression, and irritability. With those qualities may come a tendency on the part of parents to be punitive, inconsistent, authoritarian, and generally non-supportive of their children” (Driscoll & Nagel, 2010).
According to the recent research poverty has direct effect on the child development, as well as an indirect effect, because it effects the family’s ability to provide choices and opportunities to their child. The Family system theory would consider how the child is effected directly by their environment and their family on regular bases. For example, the family’s system theory would explain how the child would be directly affected when the parent would lose their job, the child would less likely continue their education and the parents will not be to provide the child with the essential needs that would help him or her grow. The family systems theory would also explain how poverty can cause the family to fall apart, and causing the child to become directly affected from the outcome.
Child development is effected by poverty due to many systems, they can become directly or indirectly affected. The Ecological systems theory considers how the child’s development is affecting by their environment within the context of the systems. The ecological system theory is broken in four different systems that explains how the child is effected by the environment and everything that surrounds him or her. The microsystem explains the environment that is closest to the child, therefore in context that is his/her family is living in poverty would be affecting the child directly. Mesosystem and Exosystems are defined as structures that occur between the child and outside forces. For example, the mesosystem can explain how the child is affected by the interaction between their parents (e.g. due to poverty parents, can became stressed and have a...

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