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The Effect Of Technology On The Cold War

1435 words - 6 pages

The Cold War (1947-1941) between the US and the USSR led to a competition between the two world superpowers, to reign supreme over the other in all aspects of technology, this fueled the need for many advancements in military and computer technology for both sides (CNN, Cold War). Had it not been for this competition, much of our current technology most probably would not be where it is today.The period of several technological military advancements during the Cold War also created the largest arms (both conventional and nuclear) race in history. This race began with the Cold War in 1947 and still continues onward today (The Arms Race). This arms race began when the US was informed that the Nazi's could possibly be developing an atom bomb, if the Nazi's successfully created this weapon of mass destruction (WMD) they would then become unstoppable. The Americans then created the Manhattan Project as a response the Nazi's. To the Nazi's dismay, the US created and tested the first nuclear weapon called the "Trinity" test in July of 1945 (Arms Race). A few weeks after the initial testing of "Trinity", Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan were bombed once each by two American atomic bombs, "Little Boy" and "Fat Man", in response to the attack by the Japanese on Pearl Harbor. These instances let all know the immense and destructive power of the nuclear bomb The Arms Race). Four years later, on August 9, 1949 the soviets surprised the world by testing an H- Bomb, it was almost completely a product of their own original domestic research, due to the fact that the espionage sources based in the USA had only worked on very early and incorrect versions of the H- Bomb. The development processes were headed by the infamous NKVD (Narodnyi Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del) leader Lavrenty Beria. The USSR's bomb, "Joe 1", was more powerful than both the "Little Boy" and the "Fat Man" (The Arms Race).A good portion of the technology that we now enjoy today may have not been available to us had it not been for the Cold War and the arms race. What we now call the Internet was previously called ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network). This was an attempt by the US to create a decentralized communication system that was capable of maintaining functional capabilities even after it had sustained partial damage (NCE, 143). This new technology would be very useful in the chance of a nuclear bombing that had destroyed all other forms of centralized communication. This amazing new advancement in communication technology was achieved through the creation of several nodes- Individual systems that could send information packets to other operational nodes (144). The key to this setup was that if some type of attack destroyed one node, the other operational nodes could still communicate with each other. Initially there were four nodes setup in several different locations: University of California Los Angeles, Stanford Research Institute's Augmentation Research Center,...

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