The Effect of the Air Force in World War Two
“Off we go into the wild blue yonder, Climbing high into the sun, Here they come zooming to meet our thunder, at em’ boys give er’ the gun, Give er’ the gun.” The previous lines are the first part to the official United States Air Force song. The Air Force has played a huge role in all of our wars past, and current. But World War two was by far one of the first shining moments in Air Force history. The effect the Air Force had on the war was great, “The Navy can lose us the war, but only the Air Force can win it.” (Winston Churchill)
On December 17, 1903 the first ever powered flying machine named the Kitty Hawk was successfully tested by the Wright Brothers. Three and a half years later on August 1, 1907, the U.S. Army Signal Corps formed the first aeronautical division in the military (History of the Air Force Part 1). During World War One American planes were still very primitive compared to the other nations; most skilled American pilots were flying French planes because they were more advanced and trustworthy than their own American planes. And thanks to the Army Reorganization Act of 1920 that made the Air Service a combat arm of the military, and in 1926 the Air Corps Act was established and the Air Service changed its name to the Air Corps on July 2nd 1926 (History of the Air Force Part 2). After Adolf Hitler kicked off World War two by invading Poland, The Army Air Corps began a steady growth from twenty six thousand and less than two thousand air craft to eighty thousand air craft and over two point four million personal.
Coming into World War two the United States realized that as an air power we were still very behind in technology, so in an effort to compete with foreign air power the United States developed the P-25. The P-25 was America's first all metal military aircraft (The Role of the USAAF) and helped to develop future models of strategic multi-role fighters, and daring bombers. After the P-25, many more fighters and bombers were produced.
During World War two the United States developed many fighters and bombers, these creations were some of our greatest technological advances, because of the cause it had on our Air Force that drastically changed the way we could take the fight to our enemies. Multi-Role fighters meant we could fly faster, strike harder with a variety of ordnance whether in air to air combat, or strafe runs on German supply trains, trucks, tanks, or even troops. One of the most famous bombers of World War two was The B-17 Flying Fortress, the Fortress was designed to be long range capable, high speed, low drag (The Role of the USAAF), and sustain itself when the multi-role fighters that also flew escort missions weren’t available. The Fortress had 13 Browning 50” caliber machine gun mounted on different parts of the aircraft that helped protect the bomber from enemy fighters which were always an issue especially because the Fortress was famous for its daylight...