The Effect Of World War One On Civilian Life

4203 words - 17 pages

The Effect of World War One on Civilian Life

World War one began in 1914 when Great Britain declared war on
Germany, this war was different to all previous wars for several
reasons; it was the first war, which involved so many nations, and
also where people at home were affected very greatly indeed. The war
affected everyone, not just the soldiers, for the first civilians were
killed or injured by German Zeppelins, which were able to fly over to
Britain and actually drop bombs on the country. Propaganda was used
greatly to influence the way that British people thought about the
enemy and it was this key factor, which kept the British people
against the Germans. Despite all the negative aspects and outcomes of
the war, governments knew that to stand a chance of winning the war
they had to invest more money into improving technology and the war
was responsible for many technological and medical advances, these
advances include the mass-production of the wireless and the discovery
of penicillin. As a result of the conflict and the majority of men
going off to fight, the role of women improved dramatically, from
being the typical housewife and being subject and expected of a very
domestic lifestyle, they found that during the war they had to take
over the men's roles, which involved them going out to work in
factories and producing munitions. Throughout this essay I am going to
look at various areas, as to how and what extent the people on the
home front were affected by the war.

Section A is very useful as it delivers various sources, secondary and
primary and tells in detail the initial impact of the war 1914/1915.
Source A1 clearly tells us that WW1 was the first war to affect
Britain at home and this is very valid, the source also tells us about
the severe increase in political control, the government passing the
Defence Of the Realm Act (DORA) in August 1914 which increased the
government's control over the population, to get the most out of the
people for the war effort. There was systematic and indeed, deliberate
propaganda to influence people to help in the war effort by
broadcasting (in cases) mindless nationalism, and this propaganda
utilized children a lot to appeal to the people and showed that the
Germans soldiers were not doing their job and they enjoyed killing,
this infuriated the public and so almost everyone was up for war
against Germany. Along with these large scale impacts were minor and
social impacts including the cancellation of Bank Holidays and Bonfire
Night. This source is secondary evidence, from a British History
textbook; it will be well researched and contains factual information
rather than speculation based on opinion.

Source A2 is a very famous recruiting poster, which was issued in
1914, so therefore it is a primary source, and its purpose was...

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