This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Successful Learning Of A Second Language

1713 words - 7 pages

<The Successful Learning of a Second Language>English Literature 201101093 He Rim NamThe successful learning of any second language is a complex process and is not something that can be defined in a simple one dimensional way. There are indeed various things to take into account when it comes to second language acquisition such as learner variables, teacher variables and classroom environment variables. Thus it is not surprising that many scholars have rushed to produce principles that they think might reveal the key to successful language learning. In his book Teaching by Principles, Brown proposes 12 principles that he considers to be at the core of language pedagogy. Brown further classifies these principles under 3 categories: cognitive, socio affective and linguistic. Each principle is vital in second language learning, as well as being interrelated to each other. Nevertheless, in this essay I intend to choose the most important principle from each category, and illustrate a way to practically utilize it in a real class setting.The principle of intrinsic motivation seems to be the most important one among the six cognitive principles (automaticity, meaningful learning, anticipation of reward, intrinsic motivation, strategic investment and autonomy). The principle of intrinsic motivation is vital as it the driving force behind the studying process of a second language. Intrinsic motivation leads students to start studying and continue the studying process no matter what hardships they face. In addition, students with intrinsic motivation are also more interested in using various strategies to improve their second language skills. Whereas a student only studying due to external forces may easily give up or only passively receive the provided information, students with internal motivation will carry out the studying process with much more determination and interest. Such students are usually more driven and determined about the studying process, which leads to better results even with the same amount of input. It is often said that language skills improve in a stepwise not linear way. Thus to make certain amounts of improvement the learner has to be patient, determined and know the reason for his or her studying.Then how can a teacher utilize the principle of intrinsic motivation in class? Firstly, the teacher should always aid the students to find their own intrinsic motivations. Humans have a tendency to learn and persist in things that are considered important to them. Thus, teachers should help students to acknowledge the importance of learning a second language in a variety of ways. For instance, the teacher could relate learning to the students' future occupations, or mention the importance of L2 at a global level. The teacher should keep in mind that diverse learners have diverse needs and should cater to the various needs of the learners to draw out intrinsic motivation. Secondly, once the intrinsic motivation is drawn out, it is...

Find Another Essay On the successful learning of a second language

Learning English as a Second Language

675 words - 3 pages In our modern education system many students are faced with the challenge of learning English as a second language (ESL). This can be a difficult transition period for students and a challenge for the educator as well. Learning English as a second language is a barrier that must be overcome if the student is expected to progress through the American education system and can have definite impacts on learning all other subjects, because if the

Great Advantages in Learning a Second Language

1003 words - 5 pages language they have to deal in their life i.e. English. Teachers are also promoting other languages through various ways in the institutions to make the child fluent in both the languages. Parents and teachers both and the institute do promote bilingual education and emphasis is laid upon parents as well to appreciate such activities in school for their own child betterment. The children put a lot of effort in learning a second language and

Second Language Learning: Factors Affecting Success in Learning a Second Language

1547 words - 6 pages communicative approach, that is, with a focus on meaning rather than on form (http://www.slideshare.net/cupidlucid/3-factors-affecting-l2-learning-presentation, n.d). Just like in intelligence, successful language learners are not necessarily strong in all the components of aptitude. In conclusion, success in second language learning depends on many factors; motivation, aptitude and intelligence are just a number of important ones. For

How far can social distance explain variation in the degree of success in learning a second language?

1837 words - 7 pages order to survive and to find her way back to Malaysia. This is a proof of cohesiveness. If both groups are cohesive, the learner group might not be successful in learning a second language. On the other hand, if the learner group is non-cohesive, they might be successful in learning a second language.Size of the learner group and the target group also influences the degree of social distance between the groups. Lan (2001) stated that size of the

Social Interaction in the Classroom as a Tool for Learning a Second Language

1043 words - 5 pages As stated by Fillmore (1979), “A language can be learned only if there is input of the proper sort-for the child second language learner, this is language as it is used in social situations which make sense, and in which the learner is himself involved” (Fillmore, p. 205) In the lesson that was chosen for Juan, ample opportunities for Juan to interact with his partner are given to promote language development through social interaction. The

Second Language Learning Argument Essay

980 words - 4 pages In our modern day society, we have a great need for bilingual, trilingual, or multilingual individuals. With our busy schedules and rushed lives, the thought of learning a second language seems out of the questions. Why not add second language learning programs to our young children’s curriculum? It would be a valuable asset to our society and children’s education. My opposition may argue some of the following points we are an isolated country

Learning and Teaching Vocabulary for a Second Language

923 words - 4 pages “Learning another language is not only learning different words for the same things, but learning another way to think about things.” (Flora Lewis, 2000) For as long as there are languages and for as there are languages, there are people studying and teaching it, but is there one way of teaching a language that is the right way? There are many aspects to learn a language, for the sake of the assignment I have been appointed only one aspect

Learning Second Language with Less Negative Feedback

645 words - 3 pages feeback. When a negative feed back is given at the point when mistake is made, this brings the feeling of not wanting to learn the language, limiting the quantity of the knowledge one can acquire. The burden to learn the second language cause fossilization and the learning becomes difficult. For this to not happen, what if the learner receives a positive feedback or at least not a negative feedback? Such feedback is likely to be successful in

Cultural Exposure Affects Second Language Learning

849 words - 4 pages Cultural Exposure Affects Second Language Learning Socio-cultural factors have an important effect on second language learning. In particular, cultural exposure plays a significant role in the language learning process. Cultural ignorance and prejudice may cause difficulties for language learners and the degree of exposure also determines how fast a second language learner can acquire a new language. In this mini research essay, I will first

PROBLEMS IN TEACHING/LEARNING ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE IN INDIA

955 words - 4 pages to meet the grave situation and promote better standards of achievement. Works Cited  Broughton, Geoffrey. Teaching English as a Foreign Language. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1978.  Cook,Vivan. Second Language Learning and Language Teaching. Edward Arnold, London, 1991.  Ellis, R. The Study of Second Language Acquisition. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1994.  Howatt A.P.R. A History of English Language Teaching, Oxford

Listening Comprehension: Aural processes and Listening Comprehension Strategies in Second Language Learning

1852 words - 7 pages language teachers working in a communicative, interactive context to not "dwell too heavily on the bottom-up, for to do so may hamper the development of a learner's all-important automaticity in processing speech."WHY IS LISTENING SO DIFFICULT?There are many aspects to second language learning that make listening comprehension difficult. For instance, Hadley (2001: 180) writes, "spoken discourse - particularly in conversational exchanges - can often

Similar Essays

Learning Of A Second Language Essay

3538 words - 14 pages Learning of A Second Language Ever since God punished the people who wanted to build the Tower of Babel with the “confusion of tongues” in the time of old testament, people around the world have faced the problem of communication. When giving out a historical overview of second-language teaching in “Second-Language Acquisition in Childhood,” McLaughlin stated: As early as the third millennium B.C., in what was probably the world’s first

Learning A Second Language Essay

1951 words - 8 pages Introduction Learning a language is quite possibly one of the most difficult and time- consuming endeavors a person could ever undertake. Therefore, it comes as no surprise, that a limited number of second languages are taught in schools across the western world, and languages are sometimes failed to be passed on to children growing up in a different country than their parents did. Even in Canada, an officially bilingual country, only 15% of

Stepping Into The Way Of Learning A Second Language

920 words - 4 pages is separated into two the formal and the informal both of them are efficient, but the last one seems to be more accepted than the other as a better way of language learning because of its faculty to develop knowledge and skills to people without any predestinate rules. (Bahrani, 2011, p.372). However the process of acquiring a second language is not only affected by the age, but by the learner’s stimuli during this process as well. Firstly

Taking Advantage Of One’s Early Years: Learning A Second Language

1390 words - 6 pages implemented learning a foreign language as a requirement, for graduation in High School. However, starting to learn a second language in kindergarten is the most effective and beneficial practice in leading a child on the path to fluently speaking another language. This practice is more effective and beneficial on the grounds that children learn faster and more easily during their first years of life, it produces a higher quality of creative