There are limitations to this study, such as this study only considers the effects of ADHD on children and not on adults. The reason that the author decided to focus the research on children is because, as stated before, ADHD is a childhood disorder that should be diagnosed before reaching adulthood. The author of this work believes that if the disorder, and the effects thereof, are addressed during childhood there will be less of an impact on adults, increasing the importance of treatment during childhood.
A second limitation to this study is the form of treatment that the author has decided to concentrate upon to treat ADHD. The reason that the author choose to focus upon this form of treatment is because ADHD possesses cognitive and behavioral elements and CBT addresses cognitive and behavioral issues in clients. Behavior Therapy is a form of treatment in the counseling field but this form of treatment does not address the thoughts or feelings of the clients that the cognitive behavioral therapist treats (Walsh, 2010). Cognitive Therapy is an additional form of treatment that the author may have chosen to explore however, with this form of therapy the focus is on the client’s thoughts and not on the client’s behaviors. With cognitive therapy, the main belief is that the client will focus on restructuring his or her thought processes and as his or her thoughts change his or her behaviors will change but the focus of treatment is on the thought processes only and, again, with ADHD the clients need attention drawn to both thoughts and behaviors (Walsh, 2010). A third form of treatment in the field of counseling is Narrative Therapy but with this form of treatment the focus is upon an individual’s story of his or her life. The belief is that an individual’s story of his or her life affects how he or she feels about his- or herself and their position in life. This form of treatment would be ineffective for those dealing with ADHD because it doesn’t address behavioral changes (Walsh, 2010). Due to the lack of issues addressed by these three forms of treatment options, the author of this work decided to explore the effectiveness of cognitive behavioral therapy.
Review of Literature
The Diagnosis of ADHD
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) was first discussed by George Still, a pediatrician from Britain, in 1902 and the knowledge concerning this disorder has expanded substantially since that time (Leggett & Hotham, 2011). Still to this day, “ADHD is one of the most publicized and controversial psychiatric disorder in the United States and one of the most studied of all psychological disorder in children” (Lougy et. al., 2009, p. 1). According to Lougy, DeRuvo, & Rosenthal (2009) around 3-7% of the U.S. population is impacted by this disorder. With so many people being affected by this disorder, how is the best way to treat this disorder? The first step would be to truly understand what Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity...