Summary and Conclusions: Implications for Counselors
There are many research studies that demonstrate that ADHD is a mental disorder that affects many children within their schools, their families and their lives in general. As illustrated, ADHD affects an individual’s academic performance, social well-being and emotional well-being. Children with ADHD experience rejection, frustration, confusion, internal and external conflicts, troubles at home with siblings and parents, troubles at school with their academics, and with their teachers and peers. ADHD can lead to many other types of mental disorders such as anxiety disorders and depression and can lead to suicidal and/or self-injuring ...view middle of the document...
There are also implications for teachers of ADHD children as well. Teachers can help their ADHD students by making sure that the rules of class are posted and are clear. They can also help their students by participating in the behavioral checklist or daily report cards to assist the child in reshaping his or her behavior. Teachers are also a very important component to the individual education plan (IEP), which will allow for accommodations for students with ADHD such as additional time for taking a test, sitting at the front of the classroom to reduce distractions, etc. Teachers spend a great deal of time with these students every week and can testify to the dysfunctional behaviors that they are witnesses in the classroom. Their testimonies will help the child to obtain an IEP.
There are also implications for guidance counselors in the schools that educate children with ADHD. Due to the No Child Left Behind Law, schools have a responsibility to educate all children including those diagnosed with ADHD. Guidance counselors have a responsibility to be the bridge between the teachers and the parents of children with ADHD to assist with communication when necessary. They also have a responsibility to advocate for fair treatment of the child in cases where teachers treat children differently, negatively, due to the label of ADHD. They should train teachers in the proper ways to assist and educate ADHD and in the special accommodation that may be required. Guidance counselors also have a responsibility to assist in establishing the IEP and, if needed, a behavioral checklist or daily report card.
Community counselors have many responsibilities as well. Community counselors have the responsibility to be educated in all areas of ADHD and educated as to the best interventions and therapy to assist with this diagnosis. They also have a responsibility to assist the individual, diagnosed with ADHD, with identifying his or her irrational thoughts and replacing these thoughts with more rational thoughts. They are also responsible to assist the individual with changing his or her maladaptive, hyper, and disruptive behaviors. Community counselors also have a responsibility to educate parents of ADHD child in how best to manage their child, interventions that they can utilize at home, and homework assignments that the child can work on between sessions.
ADHD is a mental disorder that affects every aspect of the individual’s life and unfortunately affects many of those around him or her. ADHD affects the child, the parents, his or her siblings, his or her peers, and his or her teachers. Due to the gamut that the affects of ADHD covers, many people are required to be involved in the treatment of ADHD. Children with ADHD are the focus of treatment but teachers, parents, guidance counselors, community counselors, and psychiatrist all need to be part of the treatment team for these children.
American Psychiatric Association ...