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The Effectiveness Of Economic Planning In Bringing About Stability And Progress In Germany In The Years 1933 To 1941

4882 words - 20 pages

The Effectiveness of Economic Planning in Bringing About Stability and Progress in Germany in the Years 1933 to 1941

Hitler succeeded in creating a German economy which allowed him to
dominate Europe by 1941. During this period Hitler was successful in
stabilizing the Germany economy and progressing towards an economy
which would prepare Germany for war. Cited in Mein Kampf and Zweites
Buche are Hitler's four main aims concerning economic policy. First,
Hitler aimed to create an autarkic system, which would enable Germany
to sustain broader hegemony within Europe. Secondly, he intended to
target above all the lands in the east. Third, since the latter
inevitably involved expansion- and therefore conflict- the economic
infrastructure would have to accommodate a considerable increase in
military expenditure. But, fourth, he needed the support of the German
people and could not therefore risk severely depressing their living
standards in any quest for military supremacy.

Before 1933 Hitler had no real economic policy to speak of. From 1932
onwards the Nazis started to address this issue. They wanted Germany
to become an autarky (a self-sufficient state), and then develop into
the dominating economic power in Europe. Hitler wanted Germany to
develop an economy that was devoted to the needs of war even in peace
time. The ideology of Nazism had no underlying economic component;
there was no equivalent to the notion of political change occurring
through the dialectical conflict between classes exerting their
economic interest. Hitler did have ideas which influenced his economic
policy; these could be seen in Mein Kampf and the Zweites Buche.
Hitler intended to target above all the lands in the east, in his
search for Lebensraum.

When Hitler came into power in 1933 there was a worldwide recovery
happening after the depression and in Germany. However the German
economy at this time was very bleak. Six million became unemployed
where the employed suffered due to reduced hours and low earnings.
Consumer demand fell, as a result of which there was a decline in
small shops. Businesses and banks were heavily bankrupt and the Middle
class had to rely on soup kitchens as welfare favoured factory
workers. In addition they could not purchase overseas-the depressed
economy had all the effects of a social catastrophe. To remedy the
situation, Chancellor Bruning (1929-32) had introduced a series of
deflationary measures, which were intended to promote early recovery
even at the expense of accelerating short-term economic decline. There
is evidence that his policies were beginning to work, this is clear
evidence in showing the work done to bring about stability with these
policies.

Hitler tackled unemployment by creating vast numbers of jobs. He set
up programs to build many autobahns across...

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