The Effectiveness Of The Arab And Israeli Peace Initiatives

1863 words - 7 pages

The Effectiveness of the Arab and Israeli Peace Initiatives

The Arab and Israeli peace initiatives that have taken place between
the 1970s and 1990s have been both successful and unsuccessful;
however the successful initiatives have been limited in reaching the
ultimate goal of peace between the Arabs and Israelis. There have been
three major peace initiatives that include the Camp David Accords,
Madrid Peace Conference and the Oslo Accords. To assess the
effectiveness of these peace initiatives, a look at how successful the
outcomes are will be necessary to make a judgement.

On the 22nd November, 1967 the United Nations presented a resolution
that was to solve the Arab-Israeli conflict, but as a result it only
contrasted this intention. UN Resolution 242 sent both nations
interpreting the text differently. This caused an uproar over which
territories belonged to whom, each side arguing for their own benefit.
This resolution acted as a catalyst that propelled a number of
initiatives to solve the Arab-Israeli conflict.

When the October War broke out on 6th October in 1973, the UN quickly
ordered a cease-fire, which was soon broken. It was only till the
USpressured Israel into agreeing to a second cease-fire that the war
ended. US President Kissinger immediately sought to pick up the pieces
of the aftermath, aiming to bring peace between the two rivalling
nations. In the years of 1974 and 1975 Kissinger convinced Israel and
Egypt to sign a number of disengagement accords. The initiatives
proposed by Kissinger were highly effective in stopping the war
conflicts between Egypt and Israel. By creating a 'buffer zone' and
having both parties withdraw their forces, set the Egypt-Israel
conflict on the path to peace.

The Camp David Accords were put into motion after an unexpected
meeting from Egypt's President Anwar Sadat in November 1977. The Camp
David negotiations took place over 12 days, beginning on the 5th
September, 1978. Camp David was overlooked by US President Jimmy
Carter and by the end of the accords, two agreements between Sadat and
Israel leader Begin had been signed, healing the conflict between
Egypt and Israel. As the aim was to please both sides, the first
agreement concerned the future of Sinai that was to be concluded and
signed within three months. This accord was effective as it made each
side compromise, encouraging the two nations to keep a lasting
relationship in the future. By Israelagreeing to withdraw from Sinai,
Egyptguaranteed to have full diplomatic relations with Israel, and
allowing Israel the use of the Suez Canal. The second accord was a
framework that desired to settle the question of the West Bank and
Gaza. A plan that would take place over five years would see the
withdrawal of Israeli military and the creation of a self-governing

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