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The Power Of The Pump; A Life Changing Advancement In Diabetic Technology

2581 words - 10 pages

“Nearly 26 million children and adults in the United States have diabetes”. That is roughly eight percent of the population. However, there is a statistic that is even scarier. Of the 26 million people in the U.S. who suffer from diabetes, only about 19 million people have diagnosed diabetes (“Fast Facts”). This means that there are about 7 million people living in the U.S. who are diabetic, but do not know it. Unfortunately, there is not much that can be done for those who have not been diagnosed yet. The same is certainly not true for those who have been diagnosed. The invention of the insulin pump has improved the lives of diabetics exponentially.
Diabetes mellitus is “a chronic disease that causes serious health complications including kidney failure, heart disease, stroke, and blindness” (Fuhrman 18). Those diagnosed with diabetes can be prone to hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, or both. Hyperglycemia is another term for high blood glucose. This happens because the body either has too little insulin or cannot use insulin properly to regular the blood glucose. There are a few symptoms that accompany hyperglycemia such as going to the bathroom frequently, being extremely thirsty, and having high levels of sugar in the urine. If hyperglycemia goes untreated, one can go into ketoacidosis. This condition is very life-threatening. If not treated immediately, one can slip into a diabetic coma and possibly die. Luckily, there are a few ways to identify whether one has ketoacidosis. Shortness of breath, nausea, and dry mouth are all symptoms of this condition (“Hyperglycemia”). Hypoglycemia is low blood glucose caused by too much insulin in the body. It is hard to list exact symptoms of hypoglycemia because every person experiences different reactions. Some common symptoms that have been reported by many diabetics include weakness, seizures, shakiness, extreme confusion, and even a lack of coordination. Hypoglycemia typically occurs when a diabetic’s blood glucose goes below 70 milligrams per deciliter. The scariest part about this is that some diabetics have blood glucose levels below 70 milligrams per deciliter, but do not have any symptoms. When this happens to a diabetic, he or she is experiencing hypoglycemia unawareness. This condition “occurs more frequently in those who frequently have low blood glucose episodes, have had diabetes for a long time, or those who tightly control their diabetes” (“Hypoglycemia”).
There are a few different forms of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is mostly found in children and young adults. In this type of diabetes, the pancreas does not produce any insulin. However, the most common form of diabetes is type 2, which is also known as non-insulin-dependent diabetes. When one has this type of diabetes, his or her body does not use the insulin that it produces properly. This is commonly referred to as insulin resistance; “At first, your pancreas makes extra...

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