The Effects Human Cloning Has on Society and People's Reactions
*Missing Works Cited*
The purpose of this year's study is to determine what effects does human cloning have on society and how people react to human cloning. The most commonly cited ethical and moral arguments against human cloning seem to originate from religious perspectives. These religious arguments can even be made by politicians and scientists with religious sympathies. Many religious philosophies teach, for example, that human life is unique and special and should be created, determined and controlled only by their deities. Many religions believe in the existence of, and in the individuality of, a human soul. Many Christians, for example, will be concerned about whether it will be possible to clone the human soul, along with the human. If it is possible to clone the soul, what will this "mean"? In contrast, if a person is cloned, but not their soul, what will this "mean"? Can a clone without a soul be destroyed and not offend moral or religious beliefs? Cloning will be divined by many as humans assuming the powers, the providence, and the jurisdiction their deities or other spiritual powers of their supernatural universe. (Watson 98)
Cloning is the production of a human or animal part that is genetically identical to the original. The cloning of cells from human embroyos is a specific process using stem cells, the very earliest forms of cells, which later develop into the 216 different cells that make up adult humans.
At this early stage, these embryonic cells are flexible and could potentially be used to create any kind of human cell - hence their value to the scientific community. If the nucleus, the control centre of an adult cell, is transplanted into one of these stem cells, it could produce the correct human tissue desired. (Potonn 99)
The new tissue could be used to treat disease. Transplant patients would no longer have to wait for someone else's tissue that their bodies might reject. They can have themselves cloned to produce perfect match tissue. This would do away with the powerful anti-rejection drugs needed to tame the immune systems of transplant patients. Some experts believe it may be possible one day to "grow" whole replacement organs in the laboratory. Likewise, "body repair kits" could be produced in which every newborn baby in the country has a supply of cloned cells in case a transplant is needed in later life. Possible cures for diseases would be any degenerative disease where one cell type has gone wrong. This includes Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, Huntingdon's Chorea, diabetes and cancers. New muscle could also be produced to repair damaged hearts. Therapeutic cloning could eventually heal injuries such as burns. It would also end the long search for the right bone marrow donor in leukaemia cases, as perfect-match bone marrow could...