The Effects Of Alternative Families On Social And Emotional Development

1755 words - 8 pages

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Question 3
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This essay will address the issue of Alternative families and the affect it has on the child’s development. The issue of Alternative families is broken down into three sub-categories, which include adoption, same-sex parents and split families. The main development areas that this essay will be analysing are the Emotional and Social Development of a child. However, does an alternative family structure affect the social and emotional development of a child? ...view middle of the document...

(Fomby & Cherlin, 2007)
Stable single-parent households or stepfamilies, in contrast, do not require that children adjust repeatedly to the loss of co-resident parents and parent-figures or the introduction of cohabiting partners and stepparents. (Fomby & Cherlin, 2007)
In an Australian sample, it proved if a child goes through family transitions, it elevates behaviour problems by age 5, not taking into account the mother’s marital state at birth. Students in primary school, who have gone through family transitions, are more likely to demonstrate disruptive behaviour, it is harder for them to adjust emotionally and majority of these students achieve low grades compared to students who have not been through family transitions. Pupils in high school that had undergone family transitions are more likely to drop out of school.
Social Development
Social development is the study of human social behaviour and its origins, development, organisations and institutions. This study, also known as Sociology is the science or study of the origin, development, organisation and functioning of human society, the science of the fundamental laws of social relations and institutions. (, 2014)
Major Theories
Here is a summary of the specific Sociological Theories

• Critical Theory
• Feminist Theory
• Socio-biology
• Structural Strain Theory
• Social Learning Theory
• Rational Choice Theory
• Labelling Theory
• Symbolic Interaction Theory
• Conflict Theory
• Functionalist Theory
• Social Exchange Theory
• Game Theory
• Chaos Theory
• Social Phenomenology

Lev Vygotsky proposed a socio-cultural theory, which takes in the effect of culture when looking at the development of the child and its behaviour. The theory hypothesises that people should understand social interactions as part of the cultural setting, however, not viewed separately in order to comprehend the contribution of social interaction to cognitive development and thinking. Vygotsky’s theory prioritises the role of language, social interaction. Ask Ms Nunan.
Emotional Development
Emotional development is the evolution of an entire range of emotions, which include feelings such as sadness, happiness and anger just to list a few. In addition, emotional development is the learning how to deal with these emotions aforementioned appropriately. Furthermore, emotion is a complex state of feeling that results in psychological and physical changes that influence behaviour and thought.
Major Theories
The major theories of emotion fall under three categories. These include physiological, neurological and cognitive. Theories that are associated with physiology propose that responses occur within the body and they are responsible for emotions. On the other hand, Neurological theories propose that activities within the brain lead to the emotional response. Cognitive theories suggest that thoughts and other mental activities play a crucial function in the formulation of emotions.
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