This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

The Effects Of Autism On Family Life, Family Structure And Family Relationships Psychology Literature Review

1908 words - 8 pages

Effects of Autism
The Effects of Autism on Family Life, Family Structure and Family Relationships
Soraya L. Sicard
York College, CUNY
The Effects of Autism on Family Life, Family Structure and Family Relationships
Autism Spectrum Disorder affects approximately 1 in every 10 children and is growing at a rate of 10% to 17% per year (Meadan, Halle, and Ebata, 2010). Autism is defined as a developmental disorder affecting normal developmental of social and communication skills in the brain. Some common characteristics of Autism include impairment of social interactions, verbal and nonverbal communications, processing sense information and limited and repetitive patterns in behavior. Many individuals with Autism have behavior episodes that might be expected to have an impact on members of both the immediate and extended family. Parents and siblings of individuals with Autism report significantly more stress and lower levels of well being than of those of children without disabilities and children with other disabilities (Meadan et al., 2010). The stress of caring for an individual diagnosed with Autism can become a burden and sometimes takes a negative toll of the family and it members, including parents, siblings and extended family.
When parents of children with Autism are stressed, the quality of life of the family tends to decrease leading an ambiguous loss and increases in stress levels of parents. The less stress on a parent, the better the family is structured and the better the quality of life for everyone. Johnson (2011) finds that the stress of personal and family life (finances, work responsibilities, balancing the needs of siblings) and the discrepancy in expectations to family functioning were negatively associated with parent’s mental health. Caring for children with Autism are financially, physically and emotionally challenging for caregivers. The higher functioning the child, the less of a challenge for the family. Autism is Autism no matter the level of function of the child and the quality of life of families are affected in any situation when caring for a child with Autism. The physical health quality of life of parents of children with autism significantly predicted stress as being the only psychosocial variable. Although raising children is often considered stressful for parents, this can be especially challenging for parents of a child with an autism spectrum disorder (Lee, 2009). Organization and routines are very helpful with someone’s day-to-day life. Learning that a child has a developmental disability takes a toll of the parents of that child. Mothers of children diagnosed with Autism and links to higher levels of depression and stress. O’Brien (2007) states that the theory of Ambiguous Loss was measured with an interview of 63 mothers with many different backgrounds including age, race and monthly salary income. When people experience ambiguous loss, they have difficulty...

Find Another Essay On The Effects of Autism on Family Life, Family Structure and Family Relationships - Psychology - Literature Review

Effects of Smoking on Family Life

1763 words - 8 pages Smoking has been around as early as six-hundred A.D. Now it is very popular and common in society. We all know that smoking can cause a large variety of diseases, such as lung cancer, yet people still do it. Cigarette smoking is responsible for about one in five deaths annually. Smoking causes health issues not only on the smoker but also on the smoker's family both physically and mentally. So the question is, if it hurts you and your loved

Family relationships Essay

788 words - 3 pages Family relationships It is debatable whether family relationships are central to the novel ‘Emma’ and are indeed the foundations on which Highbury is built. Families may be viewed as objects of satire, as those featured are a source of financial rather than emotional support. Throughout the novel, status is built upon class position, material possession and finance, its characters eager to display such ‘qualities’. This essay shall

Family Relationships

556 words - 2 pages Ribs, chicken, potato salad, music, fire crackers--a typical Fourth of July cookout. The whole family was together laughing, joking and reminiscing on old times. Then, suddenly, one of the jokes was taken the wrong way. "That wasn't even funny. You don't go around telling none of my business! I don't tell yours!" said the outraged teen to her mother. "It was just a joke, get over it!" said the mother in a frightened, yet a joking tone. All eyes

Family Structure

1387 words - 6 pages A family is made up of two or more people, related by birth, marriage, or adoption and residing in the same home. Society’s definition of ‘family’ is expanding and includes single parents, blended families, unrelated individuals living cooperatively, and homosexual couples, among others. Unfortunately, family guidelines have been slow to catch up to changing trends in modern lifestyles (Crawford, 1999). The complex family, or a family

Effects of African American Family Structure

568 words - 3 pages Effects of African American Family Structure on School Attitudes and Performance In today's world, there is such a big emphasis on education and its importance. And there should be an emphasis. Unfortunately, not everyone has the same attitude about receiving a good education. This article attempts to discuss the attitudes of African American's towards education when a stable family structure is absent. Given, not all homes are

Incest And Family Structure

698 words - 3 pages sexual objects as well as undercuts the autonomy and the power of the family that which immediate. Lacan and psychoanalysis give emphasis on the fact that the incest taboo tends to set what is commonly known as emotional relationships inside the family. This process takes place in the family’s final structure.2. Lévi-Strauss's alliance theory states that there are two diverse structural "models" of marriage exchange. Moreover the

Social Psychology and the perspectives of family

2245 words - 9 pages connections, the adult members of which assume responsibility for caring for children' (Family, Marriage and Personal Life, (week 2 reading) page 140) but a much more diverse group of peoples whose care and responsibility for each other takes on many forms.The changes in marriage patterns that have taken affect since the 1970's do not constitute a crisis for the family. The changes however do draw attention to the fact that the idea of what a family

The Effects of Adoption on a Family

1258 words - 5 pages There are common ordeals and situations that can trouble a family emotionally, physically, and psychologically. Adoption is one situation a family must encounter when a child is born without a proper system of support to sustain life after birth. The causes for a family to make a heartfelt decision to place a child for adoption can have dramatic effects on the birth parents, adoptive parents, and child (Adoptee), even if the decision is meant

The Effects of Family Types on Personality

1014 words - 5 pages a tendency to highlight individual uniqueness and development. Personality characteristics are typically seen as the result of both inherited tendency and experience.(personality.n.d) Using data from the national Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health Clark &Tekin (2011) found that the behavior of adolescent girls are mostly self governing weather their fathers are present or absent in their life on the other hand boys who have no father

Loss of a Family Member, and Its Effects on the Family

1940 words - 8 pages also refer to an emotional or physical distance put between two people. In “The Shawl” by Louise Erdrich, there is an example of a physical loss and its effects on the family, while in “Bone Black” by Bell Hooks the loss shown is of the emotional kind. It is interesting to view these stories side by side, as they showcase how both types of loss effect the family. In both of the stories, the relationship effected most is that between a parent and

The Impact of Gender on Family Life

2345 words - 9 pages ?’ I’ll make him think about these things” (190). The fact that Robert is not just paying child support but a big part of his sons life is representative of the gradual shift in gender roles that is occurring and the effects they will have on family life. The sociological and psychological literature tends to focus on uncles as perpetrators of sexual abuse rather than as contributors to family functioning (Hansen 184). Ben Crane on the other hand

Similar Essays

The Effects Of Industrialisation On The Structure Of The Family

1364 words - 5 pages The Effects of Industrialisation on the Structure of the Family The pre- industrial family was said to be an extended family consisting of three generations, the children, parents and the grandparents. The family would all work together in the farms to help provide for the entire families needs, children as young a 5 or 6 would have been found work to do. However this was until the Industrial revolution when factories

Effects Of Patriarchal Family Structure Essay

811 words - 4 pages much on the common good and become quite selfish. The patriarchal family structure also inhibits the progress of the society, which is a value that Mill holds in high esteem; half of the population would be unable to contribute ideas that could lead to improvements in politics and government as well as in other areas. Mill, a supporter of utilitarianism, argues that greater equality for women would bring the greater good to both individuals and

Family Life: The Importance Of Parental Relationships

3188 words - 13 pages be happily married, a lack of trust brings about complications in the family’s ability to attain cohesiveness. Most importantly, communication cannot be apparent in a dysfunctional family. Although on the outside, a family might look to be a complete family, consisting of a marriage and children, the difficulties in the basic family structure can cause problems. Beavers and Hampson also claim that “[t]hese family members find hostility easy to

Review Of Literature On Abortion In The Family

1370 words - 5 pages Review of Literature on Abortion in the Family Abortion is a very controversial subject that has been continuously argued over for the past few years and probably for many more years to come. Women who are making the decision are effected emotionally, mentally, and physically since their bodies are going through many changes which it is not accustomed to. The main controversy is, who's right is it to abort? Many will argue and say it