The Effects Of Chernobyl Nuclear Disaster On Humans And The Environment

956 words - 4 pages

"The tops are leaping off the reactor lip" this was the first warning which the control room received before the destructive explosion in Chernobyl that occurred at 1:23 AM local time. Twenty three minute after the warning in the morning of 26 April 1989, the reactor exploded. The Chernobyl nuclear accident was an unexpected catastrophe that can happen in the history of producing nuclear power. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) defined a nuclear accident as an accident that includes any activities that lead to the release of radioactive material and causes significant consequences. The location of Chernobyl city is in the north of Ukraine near the Belarus border. That nuclear accident happened when in reactor number 4 in the Chernobyl nuclear power in the Soviet Union exploded. Because of that extreme explosion, the radioactive emissions dispensed into the environment and caused immediate deaths, illnesses and many health problems. World Health Association (2013) reports that during the accident, one person died immediately and another one died in the hospital due to the harmful injuries he received. Health World Organization (WHO) (2006) also reports that a few weeks after the disaster 28 people died because of the Acute Radiation Sickness(ARS). The Chernobyl nuclear accident is one of the major disasters in the history of nuclear power which had many serious effects on humans and the environment.
Humans were a victims of the Chernobyl nuclear accident which affected their lifestyle and their health. People of Chernobyl were evacuated to clean and safe areas. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) (2006), there were 116 000 people who were evacuated from Chernobyl region to other safe areas in the summer of 1989 and the number increased to 135 000 in the same year. Nonetheless, Green Facts (2013) shows us that there were 100000 people who lived in a contaminated areas. (WHO) (2006) writes that the big amount of radioactive material that leaked into the environment reached many countries: Belarus, Europe, the Russian Federation and the Ukraine. The high level of polluted radioactive emissions in the air caused many health problems for children, adults and old people. Chernousenko (1991) believes that they suffered from an accumulation of radioactive iodine in their thyroid glands. This caused thyroid cancer which is a disease that is caused by a high level of radiation(3). Nuclear World Association (2013) reports that there were 4000 children in Chernobyl who had thyroid cancer in 2000. As a result, they needed to get an appropriate treatment to improve their thyroid function. From 1986 to 1989 in Belarus and Ukraine the number of cases increased slowly but after 1989 it increased rapidly especially in Belarus. There were nearly 80003 children and teens had this disease in 2002: see figure 1. Another example was leukaemia which is a type of cancer that is defined as a malignancy of blood cells (3,6). In addition,...

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